Belief Held more strongly by republicans than democrats Dramatically increased

Belief held more strongly by republicans than

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Belief Held more strongly by republicans than democrats Dramatically increased after the republican victories in 1994 Supreme Court has advanced devolution, especially in the latter decades of the 20th century Movement waned with the attacks of 9/11 and the creation of the department of Homeland security, and with the passage d health care reform in 2010 Chapter 4 The Bill of Rights,the 14th Amendment, and Selective Incorporation Civil liberties: specific individual rights such as the right to a fair trial that are constitutionally protected against infringement by government Bill of Rights: The 10 amendments that list the rights the federal government must protect 14th amendment’s due process clause prevents the states from abridging individual rights
Supreme engaged in selective incorporation- invoking the 14th amendment to apply the Bill of Rights to the states Slander: damage by saying something -- Libil: damage by writing something Freedom of Expression The most basic of democratic rights, it is not unlimited (as long as it does not damage someone's reputation) Today free expression is vigorously protected by the courts; but it can be denied if it endangers national security, wrongly damages others’ reputations, or deprives others of their rights Freedom of Speech Twentieth-century challenges: National security needs the early cold war; and a change in the Court’s position in the late 195 Test of government actions to limit speech: clear-and-present-danger test, imminent lawless action (pg 91-92) Hate speech protected, but not hate crimes Westboro Baptist Church protests Symbolic speech is protected, but less completely than verbal speech PRess Freedom and Libel Laws The New York Times Co. v United States(1917) and publication of the “Pentagon Papers” Prior restraint: government prohibition of speech or pubicationbefore it occurs Extreme burden of proof on government Libel : publishing maternal that falsely damages a person’s reputation Slander : Spoken words that falsely damage a person’s reputation Libel against public officials requires malicious intent. Freedom of Religion Along with political expression, the First Amendment protects religious freedom “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or
prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” Pg. 88 The Establishment Clause Establishment Clause : gov may not favor one religion over another or support religion over no religion Doctrines of wall of separation and accommodation Court has frequently applied the Lemon test Policy must have a non religious purpose Policy’s primary effect must be one that neither advances nor inhibits religion Policy must not foster “an excessive government entanglement with religion.” The Free-Exercise Clause Government is prohibited from interfering with the practice of religion Gov interference is allowed when the exercise of religious beliefs conflicts with otherwise valid law The right to Bear Arms

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