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PTS:1REF:Page 49241.When considering the risk factors for the development of phantom limb pain, the nurse recog-nizes which as a primary contributing factor?a.Age, with adolescent patients being at a higher risk than adultsb.Presence of pain in the limb before amputationc.PatientÕs previous experience with managing paind.Cultural views regarding the acceptance of painANS: BPhantom limb pain is pain that an individual feels in an amputated limb after the stump has completely healed. It is more likely to appear in individuals who experienced pain in the limb before amputation. The other options would not be considered a primary contributing factors.PTS:1REF:Page 49442.Based on an understanding of the physiologic process of nociceptors, the nurse expects which surgical procedure to create more pain?The variable nature and distribution of nociceptors affect the relative sensitivity to pain in dif-ferent areas of the body; the tips of the fingers have more nociceptors than the skin on the
back, and all skin has many more nociceptors than the internal organs including bone.
PTS:1REF:Pages 485-48643.The basis of the specificity theoryof pain is that:According to the specificity theory, a direct relationship exists between the intensity of pain and the extent of tissue injury. The remaining options are not accurate statements regarding this pain theory.PTS:1REF:Page 48544.Which statement is trueregarding the gate control theory (GCT) of pain?The open gatein the spinal cord regulates the transmission of pain impulses that ascend to the brain for further processing and interpretation, thus leading to the management of pain. The remaining statements are not true when discussing the GCT of pain.PTS:1REF:Page 485