Norms and deviance norms are what is expected

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-Norms and Deviance Norms are what is expected Deviance represents the transgression of norms Deviance requires punishment or else the norms lose their salience and meaning Crime can be useful (functional) because the punishment it calls forth helps to remind the group of its norms
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Of course too much crime is dysfunctional Crime functions as a means of pulling together the group and feel more connected to one another because they connect around the fact that they are normatively, appropriately behaving people who all disagree with criminal’s transgressions -Nature of punishment changes over time -In primitive societies, punishment emphasizes retribution -In modern societies, punishment emphasizes restitution and rehabilitation -Change is due to shift from mechanical to organic solidarity -“Minor” offenses: Parking in no-parking zone Talking on cell phone while driving Smoking is a no-smoking zone -Rituals reinforce the social order -Negative rituals involve punishment (pull people onto the right side of the linke) -Positive rituals: weddings, parades, holidays, flags, national anthems, super bowls… -Religion and rituals
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  • Spring '12
  • JerryJacobs
  • Sociology, Social factors, -Suicide rates, -In primitive societies

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