The artillery techniques from high and dense

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the artillery techniques from high and dense bombardment used in the Somme to short and shape bombardment. As the result, BEF led forces could effectively synchronize the advancement of the forward forces to the interval of artillery bombardment. Another noteworthy factor of the achievement of the Entente offensive is the coherent overarching between ground forces and air forces. The air forces could offer effective aerial surveillance and reconnaissance that allowed the bombardment for more accurate and to locate the enemy’s defense forces for infantry to engage. Also the air forces allowed the air control over the areas. By the synchronized and comprehensive plan, BEF could implement the surprising concept against German defense. BEF used a complicated security and deception method. At Scarpe, these deceptive measures were implemented before the offensive to persuade the Germans that the 9 Paul Harris, Douglas Haig and the First World War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008 10 N.J.A. Barr, “The elusive victory: the BEF and the operational level of war, September 1918,”
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offensive was in the north side. The heavy artillery was in bombardment and BEF also exploited the wireless technology for the false radio communication to lure German armies away from the Arras-Cambrai road. 11 This complex concept of surprise and deceptive was the success due to the sound planning of all forces participant in the operation Conclusion All in all, the unified command is the main enabler for the joint/combined forces of the Entente to be able to initiate synchronized and comprehensive plan. This command structure allowed the Entente forces to enjoy the unity of command which led to the success of the series of the tactical attacks in the Entente offensive in 1918. 11 N.J.A. Barr, “The elusive victory: the BEF and the operational level of war, September 1918,”
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