Question 34 1 out of 1 points A woman is receiving magnesium sulfate for intrapartum eclampsia. The patient is perspiring and her blood pressure is 88/50. The serum magnesium level is 10 mg/dL. The nurse will interpret these manifestations as Response Feedback : Maternal adverse effects from magnesium sulfate toxicity are sweating, hypotension, flaccid paralysis, hypothermia, and cardiac depression. A serum level of 10 to 12 mg/dL is associated with toxicity (normal levels without infusion of magnesium sulfate are 1.8–3 mg/dL). Common adverse effects include headache, hyporeflexia, weakness, thirst, flushing, and burning at the infusion site. These manifestations do not indicate hypersensitivity or idiosyncratic reactions. Question 35 1 out of 1 points A 66-year-old man has made an appointment with his primary care provider to discuss his recent erectile dysfunction (ED) and has requested a prescription for tadalafil (Cialis) based on television commercials he has seen. What characteristic of this patient would most likely contraindicate the use of tadalafil for his ED? Response Feedback : Like the other drugs in this class, tadalafil should not be taken within 48 hours of taking nitrates, such as nitroglycerin, because substantially lower blood pressure and possibly death may result. Nitroglycerin use is a contraindication for taking tadalafil, as it is for all drugs in this class. Allopurinol, ginseng, and low bone density do not contraindicate the use of
tadalafil. Question 36 1 out of 1 points Alprostadil (Caverject), a drug used to treat erectile dysfunction, has been prescribed to a 42-year-old patient. When providing education to the patient and his wife, the nurse should inform the wife about which of the following adverse effects? Response Feedback : Vaginal burning, itching, or both can occur in the female partner of a man using intraurethral alprostadil. The nurse will advise the wife to be aware that this is a possibility. The pharmacodynamics of alprostadil may lead to hemodynamic changes such as low blood pressure and increased heart rate in the man. However, these changes are not clinically important and would not affect the female partner. The drug is not known to decrease sexual desire in either men or women. Question 37 1 out of 1 points Alendronate (Fosamax) is prescribed for a 67-year-old postmenopausal woman. In order to help prevent gastrointestinal distress, the nurse will advise the patient to Response Feedback : To decrease gastrointestinal distress, the patient should stand or sit upright for at least 30 minutes after taking the drug. Drinking at least 6 to 8 oz of water with the drug helps maximize the therapeutic effect of the drug. The patient should also take calcium and vitamin D supplements along with lifting weights to improve the success of therapy, but these interventions would not directly serve to decrease gastrointestinal distress.
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- Fall '13
- Headaches, 58-year-old male patient , Nurse Physical Assessement