When driving near navigational aids the vehicles are

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When driving near navigational aids, the vehicles are to stay out of the protected areas around them to avoid interfering with their signals. At "controlled" airports whenever the Control tower is operating, the vehicles must get permission from the controller to be on the runway or taxiways, their associated safety areas, or any other part of the movement area by radio or with advanced coordination with ATC. Night Driving or Bad Weather Driving Extra precautions have to be taken by vehicle drivers for driving at night or in bad weather. They should be driven with slow speed and with care. Under winter conditions, signs and marking may be obscured due fog. Caution has to be taken as there may be extra risks present. Foreign Object Damage (FOD) FOD or Foreign Object Damage is caused due to ingestion of loose objects by aircraft engines, or due to hitting of such material with the aircraft. Trash or rocks sucked into a jet engine can shred parts of the engine in seconds. A rock caught by a propeller can damage the propeller, as well as become a deadly projectile. It should be made sure that all trash is put in a covered container (c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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UNIT 13: Safety Management in Air Operation Areas Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ that won't be blown over. Also all loose trash, rocks, pebbles, nails, bolts, or pieces of metal near aircraft movement areas should be picked up and removed. Also anything that could cause FOD or puncture tires should be picked up and tracking mud and rocks onto the pavement surfaces should be avoided. Aviation Fuel Handling Fuel handling is an important safety issue not only to fuel handlers but also to other airport personnel, passengers, and to the operations of the aircraft. Failure to adhere to safe operating procedures during refuelling of the aircraft, or transporting the fuel from one location to other, may result into major disasters. A few vulnerable areas concerning the fuel handling are health hazards to refuellers, Fuel contaminations, explosions and fires due fuel, hazards from spill etc. Thus strict precautions are to be taken by the concerned officials in order to avoid such incidents. As aircraft fuel is highly flammable, strict precautions are to be taken not to use ignition system (Like starting of vehicles) and not to use even RT (Radio Transmitter) as it may create fire. Electrical equipment should be earthed properly. De-icing The problem of de-icing occurs mainly at US or European airports, and at places where temperature goes normally below freezing point. Presence of ice and snow on the control surfaces, airfoil and sensor surfaces can create serious problems for the aircraft operations, and hence the same has to be removed before the take off of the aircraft, by the spray of de-icing fluid. The fluid should be used with care failing which, it may cause damage to sensitive aircraft controls like angle of attack sensors, pitot & static sensors, engines etc. It is also hazardous for the health of personnel.
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  • Fall '19
  • Instrument approach, Runway, Rajiv, Aviation Safety & Security Management

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