Because of some political, social and economic reasons, the urban areas receive more funding from government ! There is the perception that the urban people are superior to the rural people ! Increased soil erosion, desertification from cutting down trees for fire wood, scarcity of farmland in the rural area ! There is a lot of environmental degradation in the rural areas due to the fact that most raw materials are exploited there. In the rural Niger Delta of Nigeria as a result of oil flaring most of the rivers and land in the creaky are polluted, so people’s livelihoods have been destroyed. ! Lack of good schools in the rural areas. ! Nevertheless, we have seen some of the reasons that chase the youths out of the rural areas, let us now put down some measures that can be used in rural urban migration.
136 ! The quality of life of the rural people should be improved by channeling more funds to rural development programmes ! The provision of more schools, hospital and other basic social amenities in the rural areas ! There should be a heightened infrastructural development in the rural areas for example in Singapore there are only 28 rural houses left in the country and they would be demolished soon and upgraded to modern standards. ! Governments should encourage companies that are in the extractive industry to carry out their business in an environmental friendly way and they should also increase their social responsibility to the communities they operate ! Government and all stakeholders should put in place policies and initiates that would prevent environmental degradation and pollution e.g. Reforestation, alternative fuel use, sustainable use of water ! More industries in the manufacturing, technology, and construction sector should be encouraged by governments to be located in the rural areas to create more jobs for the people. Governments can give these companies tax incentives and other benefits, attract them. ! Good schools and Educational Institutions should be cited in the rural areas, these would give the rural youth an opportunity to get well trained and prepared for the global labor market ! The media should stop portraying the rural areas as the dark areas of the world but they should concentrate on the positive developments and opportunities that are found there. ! All countries should embrace the Singapore approach of making all rural areas a thing of the past by urbanizing the whole country.
137 SELF ASSESSED EXERCISE (SAE) Briefly discuss the effects of globalization on the rural youth. 4.0 CONCLUSION Globalization we said is the many economic, political, technological and social processes, innovations and changes that is making the world smaller. Youths are vulnerable and adaptable to the changes globalization brings with it.
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- Spring '20
- Test, Rural area, Rural culture, Rural economics