Guided by respect for fundamental rights of human beings o They all tend to

Guided by respect for fundamental rights of human

This preview shows page 53 - 55 out of 55 pages.

Guided by respect for fundamental rights of human beings o They all tend to agree that denying people right to life, privacy, health, safety is unethical o Flaw : when rights are in conflict such as employer and employee rights o Example : should employees on the job have a guarantee of privacy? Justice approach: respecting unbiased standards of fairness o Guided by respect for impartial standards of fairness and equity
Image of page 53

Subscribe to view the full document.

o One consideration is whether an organisation’s policies (governing promotions, sexual harassment cases) are administered impartially and fairly regardless of demographics o Flaw : fairness can be an issue o Example : employees resentful when a firm’s CEO is paid a salary and bonuses worth hundreds of times than what they receive, even with poor company performance Factors that affect employee ethics: structural variables Performance and appraisal system Rules and regulations Reward systems Time pressures Cost constraints Culture Competitive pressure How organisations encourage ethical behaviour 1. Leadership 2. Creating a strong ethical climate o Represents employee’s perceptions about the extent to which work environments support ethical behaviours o Important to enforce ethical climate because they significantly affect frequency of ethical behaviour o Managers can promote this through the policies, procedures and practices that are used on a daily basis 3. Screening prospective employees o Companies try to screen out dishonest, irresponsible employees by checking out applicant’s resumes and references How organisations can promote ethics 1. Instituting ethics codes and training programs o Consists of a formal written set of ethical standards guiding an organisation’s actions o Most codes offer guidance on how to treat customers, suppliers, competitors and other stakeholders o Purpose is to clearly state top management’s expectations for all employees 2. Rewarding ethical behaviour: protecting whistle-blowers o Managers must reward good behaviour as in encouraging whistle blowers o Employee who reports an organisational misconduct to the public (health, safety matters, waste, corruption) 3. Job goals and performance appraisal 4. Independent social audits Code of Ethics How managers support codes of ethics Emphasise the importance of codes Regularly re-affirm their content Follow the rules themselves Publicly reprimand rule breakers Ethics in a Global Context Ethical standards are not universal Ethical principles adopted in particular cultures determine what is considered ethical behaviour
Image of page 54
Managers and organisations operating in multiple countries and cultural systems should consider: o How views of ethical behaviour differ and how to deal with those differences o Whose view of ‘ethical’ behaviour should determine organisational actions Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability Social Responsibility Manager’s duty to take actions that will benefit the interest of society and organisation Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
Image of page 55
  • One '18

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes