completely, you must answer all of the sub-questions below using complete sentences. Each sub- question may be answered in 1-6 sentences. a. How does this acid base imbalance cause the potassium imbalance noted in this patient’s labs? The acid base imbalance causes the potassium imbalance because the body is exchanging hydrogen ions for potassium ions to help alleviate acidosis. This is the body’s way of compensating (Doig, & Huether, 2014). b. How does the body compensate for the acid base disorder which this patient is experiencing? Patient’s respiratory rate is elevated to 24 breaths per minute based on the data provided. In metabolic acidosis, the respiratory starts to compensate to bring the body back to baseline ( Doig & Huether, 2014). This could cause hyperventilation due to the excess of carbon dioxide being blown off. The data provided shows CO2 to be decreased to 18. c. How does the anion gap help you to differentiate between the causes of this acid base disorder? In metabolic acidosis a normal anion gap may happen due to an accumulation of hydrochloric acid in the blood ( Kraut & Madias, 2007). Another reason for a normal anion gap in metabolic acidosis may be from the loss of bicarbonate due to diarrhea, or renal tubular acidosis ( Kraut & Madias, 20 12 ).
4 SICKLE CELL d. Describe the genetic alteration which results in sickle cell anemia.
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