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was fairly prosperous and in order to develop the national economy, a series of policies, such as Juntian (equal division of fields) System and Zutiao (tax moderation) System, were carried out. This equally distributed the farmland and moderated the tax rates, while increasing the fiscal revenue.In order to enhance the communication between southern and northern areas, Emperor Yang ordered his people to dredge a grand canal running from north and south. Centering on Luoyang, the Grand Canal was more than 2.5 miles long and functioned as the main artery in the Nation's transportation. The Grand Canal played an important role in the economic and cultural exchange between southern and northern areas. A new political system - Three Departments and Six Ministries was established - the first in Chinese history. Under this system, the royal power was enhanced and the work division in the court became derailed. Since this dynasty, the methodof selecting talent was thoroughly overhauled. The traditional Jiupin Zhongzheng Hierarchical System was replaced by the Imperial Examination System, which connected studying, the taking of examinations and attaining an official position. It had a profound influence on the selection of talent in Chinese history. The Tang DynastyBy the end of the Sui Dynasty (581 - 618), the whole country fell into chaos due to the tyranny of Emperor Yang; rebellions roused by the peasants were everywhere. The Tang dynasty
ushered in higher levels of political stability, economic prosperity, military expansion and technological innovation. Resenting Emperor Yang's ruling, the chief officer of Taiyuan - Li Yuan, who was also known as Tangguo Gong raised an army in Taiyuan from May 617. In November of the same year, Li Yuan's army captured the capital city Chang'an and put a new monarch, Yang You, on the throne as Emperor Gong. In 618 after Emperor Yang was slain by his chancellor, Yuwen Huaji, Li Yuan seized the chance to declare himself as emperor and changed the state title into Tang, still with Chang'an as the capital city.