XIV Penns Holy Experiment in Pennsylvania 1 The Quakers characteristics They

Xiv penns holy experiment in pennsylvania 1 the

This preview shows page 15 - 18 out of 23 pages.

XIV. Penn’s Holy Experiment in Pennsylvania1.The Quakers(characteristics) They “quaked” under deep religious emotion.They were offensive to religious and civil rule.simple, devoted, democratic people against war and violence.15
2.William Penn, a well-born Englishman, embraced the Quaker faith, rejected in England.3.In 1681, he managed to secure an immense grant of fertile land from the king. It was called Pennsylvania, in honor of Penn, who, being the modest person that he was, hadinsisted that it be called Sylvania.It was the best advertised of all the colonies.XV. Quaker Pennsylvania and Its Neighbors1.Thousands of squatters already lived in Pennsylvania.2.Philadelphia was more carefully planned than most cities, with beautiful, wide streets-> ADVERTISED COLONY3.Penn bought land from the Indians, like Chief Tammany, later patron saint of New York’s political Tammany Hall. 1.His treatment of the Indians was so gentle that Quakers could walk through Indian territory unarmed without fear of being hurt.2.However, as more and more non-Quakers came to Pennsylvania, they mistreated the Indiansmore and more.4.Freedom of worship was available to everyone except for Jews and Catholics (only because of pressure from London), and the death penalty was only for murder and treason.5.No restrictions were placed on immigration, and naturalization was made easy.6.The Quakers also developed a dislike toward slavery.7.Pennsylvania attracted a great variety of people from all races, class, and religion. 1.1700, only Virginia was more populous and richer.8.Penn, unfortunately, was not well-liked because of his friendliness towards James II, the deposed Catholic king, and he was jailed at times, and also suffered a paralytic stroke, dying poor and sadXVI. The Middle Way in the Middle Colonies1.New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania All had fertile soil and broad expanse of land.All except for Delaware exported lots of grain.The Susquehanna River tapped the fur trade of the interior, and the rivers were gentle, with little cascading waterfalls.The middle colonies were the middle way between New England and the southern plantationstates. Landholdings were generally intermediate in size.The middle colonies were more ethnically mixed than other colonies- most democratic and open16
Benjamin Franklin, born in Boston, entered Philadelphia as a seventeen-year-old in 1720 with a loaf of bread under each arm and immediately found a congenial home in the urbane,open atmosphere of the city.Americans began to realize that not only were they surviving, but that they were also thriving.CHAPTER 4As the 17th century came, the rigid doctrines of Puritanism changed and softened Regional differences developed stronglyThe Unhealthy Chesapeake 1)Life in the American wilderness of the Chesapeake region was harsh &terriblea)Diseases like malaria, dysentery, and typhoid made the life expectancy drop by 10 yearsb)Few people lived to 40 or 50 years.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture