Arrived in great salt lake in 1847 b. Eventually became American territory c. Wagon trains would stop off at great salt lake d. People found them strange- cooperative living, polygamy e. But they were helpful to wagon trains 4. Urban Frontier - eventually west had cities a. on one hand there are cities in the middle of the country- for wagon trains b. three truly important cities grow up- San Fran; Denver—both called instant cities i. San Fran- over 12 year period- population went from 812 to 56,802 ii. Disproportionate number of men than women iii. Portland had three times as many men than women iv. 18 out of the 20 western cities still had more men than women in the 1800s c. some men went to cities to look for fortunes in city life d. thought about urban frontier- anybody could make it- could go from nothing to everything i. rags to riches stories ii. those who tended to do better were people who came with some money e. you have a place where theres nobody to an instant city- interesting- not too long a period of time there are leading families- more wealth, social
prestige, political power- starts to happen that pretty soon urban cities out west look like urban cities back east i. businessmen, etc ii. versus average joes Cultures in Conflict 1. Plains tribes are natives that westerners experienced 2. Border tribes- more peaceful because they had more contact with the whites 3. Pawney- unlike other planes tribes- lived in villages and raised crops- not nomadic unlike rest of plains tribes 4. Buffalo products- Indians greatly respected the buffalo a. Tried to preserve and help the buffalo grow and expand 5. Warfare was different a. Battles between Indian tribes b. Often didn’t involve killing c. Stealing horses d. Prove individual prowerss 6. Indians lacked Unity- had chiefs- many of the braves didn’t follow what the chiefs said a. Indian chiefs had limited abilites to influence the members of their tribes 7. What causes a crisis after the 1840s- start to have great Americans of white Americans across the central part of the west a. Horses eating their grass b. Killing buffalo Missed 15 minutes of notes William Walker- example of a southern adventurer who wanted to seize lands on the south of the something lands 1. For a lot of reasons 2. In early 1850s- attempted to seize baha from mexico 3. Turned his attentions to Nicaragua- seized power and made himself president 4. Immediately legalized slavery 5. Eventually he was overthrown Bickley- plan was to organize a private army and conquer mexico 1. Didn’t succeed Many northerns suspected people like these two of plotting to get more slave territory- most were just explorers Cuba - Havanahh is only 90 miles from key west 2. People wanted cuba- there was slvarey (sugar and tobacco) 3. People thought they could get cuba and make it into a couple of slave states 4. Private expeditions- filibuster expeditions a. Two different ones in 1851- private individuals tried to seize the area i. Unsuccessful Panama- area of interst- mostly because of potential for a canal 1. British are worried about a canal 2.
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