the Americans bought gold from Japan and sold it to China weakened the

The americans bought gold from japan and sold it to

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the Americans bought gold from Japan and sold it to China weakened the authority of the Tokugawa Shogunate End of Tokugawa Shogunate 1858 Shogunate succession dispute resolved by li Naosuke (killed 1860) 1864-8: wars btw shogunate & Choshu/Satsuma the imperial court ordered shogunate to repress the extreme loyalists who advocate “expelling the barbarians” some European countries helped out by selling weapons 1868-9: Boshin War civil war fought btw forces of the Tokugawa shogunate & those seeking to return political power to the emperor; their slogan “revering the emperor and expelling the barbarians” 1868: the accession of Emperor Meiji to the throne last Tokugawa Shogun: Tokugawa Yoshinobu Early Meiji Period ( 1868-1912 ) aim to unify a whole country after the severe civil war & establish the modern nation state of Japan & the Japanese empire aim to abolish unequal treaties w/ the Western empires aim to suppress & displace the dissatisfactions of former samurai the rebellion of Satsuma settlement of former samurai in Hokkaido
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colonization 1869 Ezo: Hokkaido 1879 Ryukyu: Okinawa 1868: accession of Meiji to the throne 1868: Charter Oath statement of purpose of the new regime last 2 articles - acceptance of international law & openness to foreign ideas took place last article - to seek for knowledge 1868-69: Boshin War 1869: Emperor moves to Tokyo (new name for Edo) and becomes capital 1871-76: early phase of the establishment of the modern-nation state and empire an order to cut topknots & abolish swords creation of national land tax system abolition of four class social system (eventually replaced by nobles & commoners) national conscripted military abolition of Han & establishment of prefectures Western dress made mandatory at official functions ban on Christianity lifted first national newspapers first railways 1873: Iwakura Mission many officials & scholars of the Meiji gov visited America & Europe to learn new things 1874; 1st political parties formed 1877: Satsuma Rebellion Saigo Takamori doesn’t want to modernize → wants to form a strong army and invade Korean Key Figures in early Meiji Gov Okubo Toshimichi (1830 - 1878) (Satsuma) leader of early Meiji gov enacted tax reform Kido Koin (1833-77) (Choshu) oversaw Emperor Meiji’s education member of the Iwakura mission drafted 5-Charter Oath Saigo Takamori (1827-77) (Satsuma) opponent of modernization proposed invasion of Korea rebelled against Meiji gov in 1877 and was defeated Early-Mid Meiji ( 1868-1895 ) 1884: creation of new peer system starts calling daimyo “barons” & “counts” 1885: European-style cabinet created 1889: Promulgation of Constitution 1890: imperial rescript on education 1895: Sino-Japanese War Early-Mid Meiji ( 1868 - 1895 ) Key Reforms 1871: 1st national newspaper appears 1872: first railway 1872: universal male military conscription you don’t have to be a samurai to fight 1873: Iwakura Mission people from Meiji were sent abroad to learn 1873: Ministry of Education established
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  • Spring '07
  • Goodwin
  • japan, Empire of Japan, Samurai, Meiji Restoration

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