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e sexual experience with another man10% of males were “more or less exclusively homosexual” for at least 3ars between 16-55Women: women and men are more alike in the biology of their sexuality than previouslyoughtMarriage: ½ men and ¼ of married women had extra-marital sex. Sexual identity How one thinks ofeself in terms of whom one is romantically or sexually attracted to Practices and attitudes inform identityay be linked to sexual orientation as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual…Identity may be linked to a variety ofactices.Social constructionist perspective “Thatwe are sexual is determined by a biological imperative towardproduction, buthowwe are sexual – where, when, how often, with whom, and why – has to do with culturalrning, meaning transmitted in a cultural setting”Integrative perspective“sexual orientation is most likely thesult of a complex interaction of environmental, cognitive, and biological factors…is shaped at an early age…anddence suggests biology, including genetic and inborn hormonal factors, play a significant role in a person’sxuality.”History of response to homosexuality in the US: Late 1800s anti-homosexuality campaign In medicalerature homosexual = psychologically ill. Heterosexuality = normal or “healthy”Homosexual acts betweennsenting adults illegal (Illinois is 1stto lift ban in 1962) Medical model stigmatized homosexuals and served ase basis for prejudice.1960s sexual revolution. 1960 the FDA approves “the Pill”An end to the “Comstockw”1965 Supreme Court rules unconstitutional to prohibit married couples from using birth control 1972tended to singles 1977 extended to minors 1973 Roe v. Wade legal abortion. Stonewall: sequence of riots in69 LGBT vs. police fighting for gay activism. LGBT: collectively refers to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, andnsgender communityTransgender: one's gender identity does not match one's assigned sex; may be any sexualentationLGBTQ, Q = queer or questioningLGBTI, I = intersex. DOMA and recent Supreme Court ruling for samex familiesThe 1996 Defense of Marriage Act, or DOMA, was signed into law by Clinton, barring federalcognition of same-sex marriages for purposes such as Social Security survivors' benefits, insurance benefits,migration and tax filing. Section 3 of the law defines marriage as "a legal union between one man and oneoman as husband and wife" and a spouse as "a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife." 2013preme court struck down doma. Social class: Three models of how men and women decide family social classatus borrowing”—women borrow men’s status “Independence”—each spouse looks only at ownaracteristics “Status sharing”—spouses use combination of their characteristics to decide statusper: Amassed wealth, privilege, and often prestige,Recognized as cultural and social elite, Owners or senioranagers of large corporations, banks, and law firms Middle:Secure, comfortable income; lives well abovebsistence level Can afford nice house, car, college education for children...,Professionals and medium-sized