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favoring a particular candidate.❏When: 1812❏Where: Massachusetts❏Why: The name “gerrymander” originated in 1812 after the redrawing of a Massachusetts district. They began calling it a “gerrymander” after the then-governor of Massachusetts, Elbridge Gerry.Voting Rights Act of 1965 (jackie)●Who: Lyndon B. Johnson●What: aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote
●When: August 6, 1965●Where: United States●Why:Reapportionment Act of 1929 (michelle)●Who: Passed by the united states congress●What: A combined census and reappointment bill apporting a constant 435 seats●When: June 18,1929●Where: The white house●Why: To prevent an excessive number of membersFilibuster (michelle)●Who: congress●What: three fourths of votes. They debate over a proposed piece of legislation ●When: Since ancient roman times ●Where:●Why: To delay or prevent a decision being made on the proposal Cloture(Eva)❏Who: Senators adopted rule “Cloture”❏What: The vote needed to overwrite filibusters. The vote needed is ¾.❏When: 1917❏Where: Washington D.C.❏Why: Direct and Indirect Representation Electoral College (jackie)●Who: Electoral College●What: A body of electors chosen or appointed by a larger group●When: 1789●Where: Washington DC.●Why: The framers of the Constitution did not trust the direct democracyExecutive Order (Danieth)●Who : President●What : a rule or order issued by the president without the cooperation of Congress and having the force of law; creates or modify laws and public policies, without the direct approval of Congress●When : Executive Orders are issued since 1994●Where : Constitution●Why :President’s Roles (zuri)❖WHO: President❖WHAT: different hats the president wears: Head of State, Chief Executive, Commander-in-Chief, Chief Diplomat, Chief Legislator, Chief of Party❖WHEN: present❖WHERE: office❖WHY: if gives the president power to command and be able to direct the country (be in charge)Emergency Powers (Kevin)Who: President of the U.hS.What: possesses certain powers to act in emergency situations