1952 ike ran for us president running mate senator

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1952 Ike ran for US President Running mate, Senator Richard Nixon Less likable due to role in HUAC Ike won 1952 election Was 62 when entered in White House 1952 Election General Dwight D. Eisenhower was Republican presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson, Gov of Illinois, was Democratic candidate Ike was WWII hero Admired by Americans Korean War After Ike won election, took trip to Korea in December and ended Korean War in terms Truman found unacceptable Ike settled for truce that divided country at 38 th Parallel Truce stopped fighting without formally ending war Ike successful because threatened to use A Bomb to end hostilities Ike and his Sec of State John Foster Dulles denounced containment policies of Truman Both argued US should pursue active program of liberation to stop Soviets New Look Foreign Policy Believed US would have to establish friendly governments to it all over the world Part of New Look Foreign Policy New Look Policy was national security policy that called for reduction in size of army and development of nuclear weapons Ike and Dulles believed New Look Policy would create more efficient defense against Communism It would reduce government spending US couldn’t afford to support every country that said it was fighting Communism Massive Retaliation Another prominent policy under Ike Stated US would no longer respond to Soviet threat by using conventional forces US would threaten Soviet Union with large nuclear weapons New Look Policy relied on threat of Massive Retaliation Brinkmanship Part of massive retaliation In this, US would push Communists to brink of war to get them to back down Second Administration Ike reelected 1956 Defeated Adlai Stevenson again During 2 nd term, Ike responsible for expanding highway system Made it easier for people to now live far away from home Interstate Highway Act 1956
Authorized spending of $27 billion to build approx 42,000 miles of an interstate highway system Known as Eisenhower Interstate System Linked country together Ike sold idea to Congressmen by saying current highways unsafe and bad roads costing businesses money And new highway system could be used as an evacuation route from nuclear attacks US and USSR During Ike’s 2 nd term, US faced several problems with Soviets. o Sputnik, 1957 Soviets sent up 2 satellites into outer space o U-2 Crisis U-2 Crisis 1960 Led to more tension between Soviet Union and US Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet premier and Communist Party Chief, asked for meeting to discuss issues with US Khrushchev visited US in Sept 1959, and invited Ike to Soviet Union in May 1960 But May 1, 1960, Soviet Union announced it had shot down an American U-2 high altitude spy plane over Russian territory And that pilot Francis Gary Powers was being held in captivity Khrushchev withdrew invitation for Ike to visit his country Ike initially denied allegations

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