DSST Fundamentals of counseling

Counselors address the physical fitness and health

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Counselors address the physical fitness and health habits of a client by providing instruction and support related to a healthy lifestyle.
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Counseling for weight loss and dietary needs is common as well as stress and anxiety counseling. Counselors work on the mental development of their clients by encouraging them to read self help books and restructure their belief systems. Counselors recognize the relationship between cognition, affect, and behavior. By involving clients in activities that help them to see other viewpoints and perspectives, they are helping the person change the way they think (cognition) about life and hopefully the way they feel (affect) and act (behavior) as well. A key goal for all counselors is to improve the clients’ emotional well being by helping the person feel better about him or herself and life in general. People usually seek counseling because they want to “feel” better. Perhaps they want to feel better in general or they want to feel better about a particular event in their life but underlying all of counseling’s motivations is the desire to improve a person’s sense of happiness and well-being. The spiritual needs of a client are those that the client recognizes and values as sacred and essential to a well-balanced life. Although spirituality is often thought of as the domain of religious leaders and advisors, counselors see spirituality as the key to understanding the rules by which their clients live their lives. Spirituality is the basis for a person’s values and beliefs and counseling often tries to get to the core of those beliefs. The holistic view of the person requires that counselors be aware of and sensitive to spiritual issues. A helping relationship is one where one of the people involved is assisting the other to achieve positive growth by improving functioning and coping skills. Counseling is based on establishing a helping relationship and recognizes that the relationship between client and counselor is unique and dynamic. It is different from that of a relationship between a parent and child or student and teacher in that it is totally “feelings” oriented, the relationship is governed by privacy rules, and it is intended to have therapeutic value. The relationship a client establishes with his or her counselor mirrors the relationships developed with others. This mirroring effect gives the counselor valuable insight into the way the client deals with people and events on a day-to- day basis. Together the client and counselor can work on the complexities involved in personal relationship and use it as a model upon which to base other successful relationships. In order to develop a therapeutic climate, the counselor must establish trust with the client.
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