Clergy forbade stage presentations in new england

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Clergy forbade stage presentations in New England Yiddish Language of Jews: Hebrew - Temple for religious services Yiddish - Everday use for conversation and commerce Yiddish was felt to be a ‘jargon’ unfit for formal (art) literary use. Intellectuals used German, Polish, or Russian. Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786) Translated Hebrew Bible into German German Professor, Linguist, Mathemetician, and Scholar Encouraged Jews to assimilate: to engage modern European culture by adopting local language, clothes, and occupations while retaining Jewish identity and beliefs Enlightenment brought a secular life beginning in Germany expanding to Easter Europe with Wine Gardens and Inns Broder Singers - brought Yiddish folk songs to these venues
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Yiddish Theater Social Change from Enlightenment (Germany to Eastern Europe) Political - Tsar Alexander II (1818-1881), became Tsar 1855 Modernized Russia Freed the serfs Relaxed Censorship Lifted Restricted on Jewish performance Discontinued Army practice of drafting Jewish boys at age 12 for 25 year of service Jews were admitted into Universities and Professions Allowed Yiddish Theater to exist Abraham Goldfadn (1840-1908) Father of
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