Are reserved to the states or people meaning congress

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are reserved to the States, or people” meaning Congress has a say only on what is enumerated in the constitution. Anything else falls under the States. - Federalism comes into play in this case, which is the division of power between Congress and the States. The States have police power, power on the health, safety, and welfare of the people. This includes healthcare. If the Fed steps in, the States and people can push back and take legal action which they did.
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Holding: - Since Congress is authorized to pass laws only on what is listed on the constitution the government argues the ACA falls under the commerce clause because failure of health insurance affects interstate commerce. Everyone will partake in healthcare eventually and healthcare makes up 18% of economic spending. - Justice Roberts argued that the ACA is more fitting under the taxation clause because those who do not purchase insurance will have to pay a penalty. The reason this counts as a tax is because if it behaves like such, then it should be interpreted as such. It is paid when one does taxes, and it is filed to the IRS. The government also has the right to tax bad behavior like the purchase of cigarettes, as well as rewarding good behavior for example, deductions. Therefore failure to purchase healthcare ends up as a tax for the individual. Reasoning: - The Affordable Health Care act was unconstiuional under the commerce clause since congress only has the right to regulate existing commerce. If someone is not engaging in the healthcare market to begin with congress may not compel them into the market. However, it was upheld under Congress’ power to lay and collect taxes to pay debts and provide welfare for the country.
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  • Fall '19
  • U.S. state, United States Congress

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