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Barriers to being part of networks, either because of low female participation rates or because of more explicit gender-based membership rules, can reduce women’s productivity by limiting their ability to gather and share information and potentially accessmarketsoMarket failures in information occur when information is lacking or whensome participants have more information than others. These failures can affect employment outcomes of men and women and therefore contribute to employment segregation by gender
Ex. A female may fail to get a job because the employer may not know how well a female will fit in an all-male work place. In other words, she may not get the job because the employer has too little information about her potential performanceEx. A female may choose to do what other females in her network are doing because it is the most profitable and she does not have information of potential alternatives to it3.What role does differential access to credit and capital play in gender-based employment segregation?