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b.The Confiscation Act was an attempt to set a consistent policy throughout the army.c.With respect to slaves, the act authorized court proceedings to strip their owners of any claim to them but did not clarify whether the slaves were free.As a result of this ambiguity, these slaves came under Union lines as property in the care of the U.S. government. In response to this situation, General David Hunter, the Union Armymilitary commander of Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida, issued General Order No. 11 on May 9, 1862 freeing all slaves in areas under his command. Upon hearing of Hunter's action one week later, Lincolnimmediately countermanded the order, thus returning the slaves to their former status as property in the care of the federal government.d.The first Confiscation Act, passed on Aug. 6, 1861, authorized Union seizure of rebel property, and it stated that all slaves who fought with or worked for the Confederate military services were freed of further obligations to their masters.e.President Abraham Lincolnobjected to the act on the basis that it might push border states, especially Kentucky and Missouri, into secession in order to protect slaverywithin their boundaries. He later convinced Congress to pass a resolution providing compensation to states that initiated a system of gradual emancipation, but the border states failed to support this plan. And Lincoln repudiated the position of Generals John C. Frémont and David Hunter, who proclaimed that the first Confiscation Act was tantamount to a decree of emancipation.2.Publication of the first issue of the LiberatorFor the entire generation of people that grew up in the years that led to the Civil War,WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON was the voice of Abolitionism. Originally a supporter of colonization, Garrison changed his position and became the leader of the emerging anti-slavery movement. His publication, LIBERATOR,reached thousands of individuals worldwide. His ceaseless, uncompromising position on the moral outrage that was slavery made him loved and hated by many Americans.Although The Liberatorwas Garrison's most prominent abolitionist activity, he had been involved in the fight to end slavery for years prior to its
publication.a.In 1831, Garrison published the first edition of The Liberator. His words, "I am in earnest — I will not equivocate — I will not excuse —I will not retreat a single inch — AND I WILL BE HEARD," clarified the position of the Garrison was not interested in compromise. He founded the ENGLAND ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY the following year. In 1833, he met with delegates from around the nation to form the American Anti-Slavery Society. Garrison saw his cause as worldwide. With the aid of his supporters, he traveled overseas to garner support from Europeans. He was, indeed, a global crusader. ButGarrison needed a lot of help. The Liberatorwould not have been successful had it not been for the free blacks who subscribed.