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4. The 85-year-old patient with a newly diagnosed heart murmur expresses concern that he has never been notified of this finding before. What is the most likely cause of this patient’s heart murmur? a. Hypertensionb. Atherosclerosisc. Insufficient valvesd. Weakened pacemakerANS: C Systolic murmurs commonly appear in people over the age of 80. These murmurs are usually related to valvular dysfunction caused by thickening of the valves, especially the mitral and aortic valves.PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 372 OBJ: 2 (theory) TOP: Murmur in the Older Adult KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance: Prevention and Early Detection of Disease5. The nurse is caring for an older adult patient. While auscultating the patient’s apical pulse, the nurse notices an irregular rhythm. The nurse suspects which causative factor for the patient’s dysrhythmia? PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 372 OBJ: 2 (clinical) TOP: Dysrhythmia in the Older Adult KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation 6. The nurse is assessing a female patient with a family history of coronary artery disease (CAD). Which report is most concerning to the nurse? ””
”PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: 374 OBJ: 9 TOP: Chest Pain in Women KEY: Nursing Process Step: Evaluation MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance