McNamara,Rewriting Zapata Generational Conflict.pdf

31 cpd legajo 32 documento 5848 iniciativa de ley 32

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31. CPD Legajo 32, Documento 5848, ‘‘Iniciativa de Ley,’’ May 14, 1907. 32. Even rumors of impending conscription roundups, according to Arturo Warman, would have led men to flee their communities and hide until the threat had passed. See Arturo Warman, . . . Y Venimos a Contradecir. Los campesinos de Morelos y el estado nacional (Mexico: Ediciones de la Casa Chata, 1976), 95–100. For more accusations of murder and repression against Alarc´on during his years leading the Rurales, see John H. McNeely, ‘‘Origins of the Zapata Revolt in Morelos,’’ The Hispanic American Historical Review, 46:2 (May 1966), 154. See also Alicia Hern´ andez Ch´ avez, Breve historia de Morelos (Fondo de Cultura Econ´omica, 2002), 152. 134 Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos This content downloaded from on Mon, 08 Oct 2018 22:59:15 UTC All use subject to
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ıaz’s request for a new militia came just three months after the disgruntled villagers of Anenecuilco had tried to meet with him and indicated that they would not be satisfied until they had settled their dispute with the hacienda owners. D´ ıaz had already used the military to repress striking mineworkers in Cananea, Sonora, in 1906, and striking textile workers and their families in R´ ıo Blanco, Veracruz, in 1907, just a month before the villagers of Anenecuilco confronted ıaz in Morelos. 33 If angry and determined rural people began to protest against local authorities and, by extension, the federal gov- ernment, then D´ ıaz would be prepared. D´ ıaz’s request for a new militia confirmed that he expected these people of Morelos to chal- lenge his authority, just as workers had at industrial sites. D´ ıaz was correct, but their violent rural confrontation against his regime would not start for another three years. 34 Anenecuilco, May 21, 1907 While D´ ıaz and Alarc´on secretly prepared to repress discontent, a large group of men from Anenecuilco and Ayala sought a decidedly nonviolent resolution to the conflict. This group represented the largest contingent of men from the region to act together prior to the start of the 1910 Revolution. On May 21, 1907, eighty-three men signed a letter to D´ ıaz, asking for his help in settling their dispute with the hacienda. The number of men who signed this letter was more than twice as many than those who signed any previous or subsequent letter regarding the land dispute. The sheer number of signatures attached to this document distinguishes it from all other correspondence originating from Anenecuilco and Ayala. Bartolo Par- ral led the 1907 offer to move, and he was the first to sign. Emiliano Zapata was the eighth person to sign. 33. The historiography on these two events is vast and well known. Regarding the strike at R´ ıo Blanco, D´ ıaz received an ‘‘Urgent’’ telegram asking for more troops: ‘‘They are burning Jose Morelos’ store. The factory is still intact. There are rumors of an assault tonight. We have insufficient troops. We urge you to send more.’’ See CPD Legajo 32, Documento 5223, January 7, 1907.
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