Use of steam ships to distribute along the coast bc

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Use of steam ships to distribute along the coast bc they were small enough to avoid policing from the Chinese govtChinese debates over legalization of opiumOpium is too strong to ban but should legalize it with control in order to keep other countries aside from Britain happyXu Naiji on legalizationSub director of the sacrificial courtAdmitted opium causes detrimental health effectsProposed extreme measures such as eradicating all foreign trade to eliminate the opium problemAlso proposed the dismissal of any public officials found smoking opiumArgued that the laws in place were ineffective, and if legalized as a medicine, it can me taxedNeeded to stop financial bleeding, all silver resources being drained, Govt can legalize it and tax itZhu Zun on prohibitionDestroying the productivity of China and also Chinese culture if they stop importing foreign opium.Instead grow opium domestically in order to make it commonplace to ultimately destroy the uniqueness of opium and stop its use altogetherSuggested increasing the severity of prohibitory enactments and to maintain the dignity of the laws and to remove a great evil among the people--execute opium leadersArgued this was a danger to the people so it must be considered of great importance as the people are the foundation of the nationSocial repercussions of opiumCrime, corruption, trade’Social instability and violenceSupply of opiumFarmers stopped growing food and began to grow opiumLower classes uses all their wages to finance their addictionProblems w the Qing stateOfficials, govt clerks, soldiers responsible for regulating were the bulk of those addictedBritain provided supply, China source of demandCommissioner Lin ZexuKnown for upholding moral standardissues an ultimatum to all Opium merchants in Canton w two optionsthey must leave China and keep Opium supplysurrender Opium supply and continue to stay in China and trade w other materials
EIC believed that Lin would concede with timeHad the biggest stake in the opium tradeConfiscation of British opiumBlockaded British opium by removing Chinese servants from the warehouses and British had to wash down 20,000 chests of opiumLin immediately destroyed every ounce of opium compensatedLetter to Queen VictoriaLin Zexu wrote a memorial letter explaining why he did this, rationale, ultimatum, why opium was bad for china, and what he would do in the future in response to thisthe queen never got the lettergave it to a random; British officials made sure she never saw that letterForeign ministry instead already sent order to send warships to China to protect their opium interestsCharles Elliot’s “bail-out” guaranteeBritish naval officer, diplomat, and colonial administratorassured that it was ok to give it up bc they will get every cent backBritish knew that 4000 merchant ships we already sent to Canton after Lin’s ban was imposedoutcome was the Opium wars

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