Topic 1 the korean war has been called a civil war a

This preview shows page 12 - 14 out of 17 pages.

Topic 1:The Korean War has been called a civil war, a proxy war, a war of liberation, and an international war – each position approaches the nature of the war differently. Briefly explain each position and give your own informed opinion on the validity of each position. How do you think the Korean War should be studied? A thorough analysis will
Civil War: Description:War between northern and southern halves of Korean peninsula (two groups with the same Korean state) that killed millions of Koreans, split families and countryValidity:It was a civil war in the sense that people of both Koreas were fighting against each other, but ultimately not from orders by their own country leadersShort-Term Cause:Separate elections organized by UN and Soviets Long-Term Cause:Cultural vs. radical nationalism (but weren’t really divided)Lasting Impact:longing for unity, split & separated families (rich SK, poor NK)Proxy War:Description: War between Soviet Union (NK) and US (SK) during Cold War as third party substitutes for fighting each other directly (instead of running risk of escalation to nuclear war)Validity: Foreign-based Korean became rulers, Moscow Conference (Koreans excluded from talks) lead to 5 year trusteeship, US’s there for own interests (apathy toward SK’s liberation and sovereignty - KPR, people’s committees, Kwangju), merely to shore up Japan as counterweight against Soviets and ChinaShort-Term Cause: Secretary of State Dean Acheson said SK lay outside the US defense perimeter, further motivated NK to attack (Europe was more important and worried that it’d be come a world war if Soviets and China entered)Long-Term Cause: The Cold War (communism vs. capitalism) after defeating JapanLasting Impact: Anti-Americanism in the Koreas, Juche in NK, a catalytic factor for early tension in the Cold WarWar of Liberation:Description: NK to “liberate” SK from American rule and capitalism, SK to “liberate” NK from Soviet rule, communism, and KIS (who is only in power because of Soviets’ backing)Validity: NK went into SK for “communist-led military reunification”, implementing revolutionary change (redistribution of land, leftist leaders released), but “liberation” was more a justification used by leaders to more strongly legitimize their ruleLong-Term Cause: NK (KIS under Soviets) wished to unify Korea as communist, while SK (RSM under US) wished to bring democracy to all of KoreaLasting impact: Neither was “liberated”, both still think the other is repressedInternational War:Description: Korean peninsula was merely the location of an international war which involved UN (Inchon Landing), China (Chinese Liberation Army and Mao Zedong’s permission), and Soviet Union (Stalin’s permission)Validity: Did involve international forces, but mostly just Soviets/China and UN (the other countries involved were under the main two, Soviets and US)Long-Term Cause

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture