BMS FINAL
Sigelman_Chapter13 (1).ppt

Social cognition social perspective taking the social

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Social Cognition – Social Perspective-Taking The social-cognitive skills of adults may continue to improve after adolescence Researchers found that adults, especially those of middle age, were better able than adolescents to see both sides of an issue and to integrate multiple perspectives into a workable solution
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Social Cognition – Social Perspective-Taking Some researchers have detected deficiencies in the social-cognitive skills of older adults Declines in basic cognitive functions such as working memory and processing speed can take a toll on social-cognitive performance
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Social Cognition – Social Perspective-Taking Social cognitive skills also may be well-maintained late in life Hess and colleagues (2005) found that middle- aged and elderly adults were more adept than young adults at reading a person’s behavior to infer whether he possessed traits such as honesty or intelligence Elderly adults perform as well as young and/or middle-aged adults on many social- cognitive tasks, probably because they have accumulated expertise about the world of people
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Social Cognition – Social Perspective-Taking Reasons that social-cognitive skills may be well- maintained late in life included the following The areas of the cortex that support social cognition and emotional understanding age more slowly than the areas that support nonsocial cognition It has been observed that in completing social- cognitive tasks, older adults tend to rely on cognitive strategies such as simple rules of thumb and strongly-held beliefs about people Social-cognitive skills may hold up well, especially in “real life” people-reading tasks, because they are used – exercised – every day
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Social Cognition – Social Perspective-Taking Possibly the most important research finding on social-cognitive development in adulthood is that older adults differ greatly in their social cognitive abilities Those who have the sharpest social-cognitive skills tend to be socially active and involved in meaningful social roles such as spouse, grandparent, church member, and worker It is mainly when elderly people become socially isolated or inactive that their social cognitive skills become rusty
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Learning Objectives What is morality? What are the three basic components of morality? How did Piaget and Kohlberg explain the development of moral reasoning? What are the important characteristics of each stage of Piaget’s theory? What are the important characteristics of each level and stage of Kohlberg’s theory?
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Perspectives on Moral Development Developmental scientists have focused on three basic components of morality The affective, or emotional, component consists of the feelings (guilt, concern for others’ feelings, and so on) that surround right or wrong actions and that motivate moral thoughts and actions The cognitive component centers on how we conceptualize right and wrong and make decisions about how to behave The behavioral
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  • Fall '17
  • MarciaGuilliams
  • Lawrence Kohlberg, Kohlberg's stages of moral development

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