Displayed artifacts according to the type of the

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Displayed artifacts according to the type of the material this became a basic  outline Stone Age Bronze Age Iron Age Nels Nelson and AV Kidder They introduced Stratigraphic excavation Difference of opinion  Scientific Arbitrary levels Feet at a time Nelson Natural What you see How people lived
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Kidder Seriation: putting things chronological order Fundamental concept in archaeology Styles change over time Put in order over changing styles Do they? yes At what rate? Depends Car models change all the time Fashion  Study Deetz and Dethlefson  Look in textbook  Artifact Styles Ancient Maya pottery Do styles of other things change over time? Clothes? Poodle skirts 1950’s Mini skirts
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1960’s Hoola hoops 1950’s Skate boards 1980’s Etc Seriation James Deetz Edwin Dethlefson Gravestones in New England cemeteries Dates on headstones Motifs Puritan Motif,  Death’s heads Scary  Cherub 19 th  century  Gone but not forgotten Willow and urn Battleship curve: shows trends of symbol in s given time
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Introduction of style Maximum popularity Waning of popularity Victorian motifs Finger pointing to heaven Gone home Grieving woman English cemetery in Florence (Italy) Child sleeping on gravestone Victoria, Canada Coffin handles St. Thomas Anglican churchyard Lamb Clapsed hand motif Chimu civilization Chan chan , peru Capital of chimu civilization Split inheritance Kings palaces Cross-dating
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Assign age to your excavation based on known date at another site Ex. See a late classic maya pot at site gives you a ballpark idea This is an “archaic point” Myths and the Mound builders  About Indian mounds o Hopewell 300 B  300 AD Earthen structures concealing burials in which marvelously  carved stone pipes and mica cutouts are found along with  skeletal remain o Mississippians  1200 AD square or rectangular, massive, flat-topped, mesa-like  platforms on which houses or temples were erected. Style is 5000 years old Willard Libby 1949 Revolutionized archaeology Nobel prize for chemistry   Cosmic radiation enters earth’s atmosphere Reacts with nitrogen to form carbon 14 Carbon 14 is unstable- decays to carbon 12
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  Carbon 14 in atmosphere Same amount in all living organisms   Libby discovered decays at known rate Half life of C14=5730 years   What to Date? Anything organic- bone, plant matter Charcoal from a feature- fire pit Human Bone Poole-Rose Ossuary Police report Indian burial Chief Nora Bothwell of Alderville first nation calls McKillop Skeletal remains recovered by police represent several people Cemeteries act: a cemetery mean land that is set apart or used as a place for the  interment of the dead in which human bodies have been buried
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Christopher Reinemann
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