King James I opposed tobacco smoking and in 1604 wrote A Counterblaste to

King james i opposed tobacco smoking and in 1604

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-King James I opposed tobacco smoking and in 1604 wrote A Counterblaste to Tobacco -in 1612, John Rolfe developed a type of tobacco that were of higher quality and spread up and down the James River – demand for land increased because plants needed a lot of land – planters began to encroach on Native land Expansion -Tobacco was not producing enough profit for the Virginia Company, so in 1618, it launched a last great campaign to attract settlers and make the colony profitable -the “headright” system consisted of fifty-acre grants of land that new settlers could acquire – each new settler would receive their own headright -In 1619, the Virginia Company sent 100 Englishwoman to become wives of male settlers – it also sent skilled craftsmen -On July 30, 1619, the House of Burgesses met – delegates from different communities – first meeting of an elected legislature, a representative assembly within the U.S -A month later, the first slaves were brought to the English colonies – marked first step of enslavement of Africans within what was to be the American Republic -the expansion of the colony resulted from the effective suppression of the local Indians, the Powhatan Indians – led by Sir Thomas Dale who kidnapped chief’s daughter, Pocahontas – in 1614 married John Rolfe and converted to Christianity – died while abroad -Powhatan’s brother began to lead efforts to try to defend their land – In 1622, tribesman pretended to sell goods, but attacked and killed 347 whites including John Rolfe – Powhatans eventually stopped in 1644 because they failed in other attempts -By this time, the Virginia Company was bankrupt because Jamestown did not yield profits so in 1624, James I took away their charter and Jamestown was under control of the crown until 1776 Exchanges of Agricultural Technology -English thought they were superior to Indians – reason for hostility toward them -Whites technologically more advanced – however, the survivial of Jamestown was largely due to the agricultural technologies developed by the Indians and borrowed- better adapted to the soil and climate of Virginia than English farming traditions -English learned value of corn, easier to cultivate and producing greater yields Maryland and the Calverts -the Maryland colony was the original dream of Geroge Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore – died before he could get a charter from the king, so his son Cecilius, the second Lord Baltimore, received a charter granting him a huge area of territory – encompassing present-day Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Virginia, and Maryland – also made them “absolute lords” -Lord Baltimore made his brother Leonard Calvert governor -In 1634, 200 to 300 passengers in the Ark and the Dove began to settle into Maryland were befriended by Indians
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-Calverts quickly adopted a policy of religious toleration because they knew they need Protestants as well as Catholics in order to colonize Maryland – appointed a Protestant governor in 1648 to appease the Protestant majority
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