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Under Quasi-delict, the State is responsible in like manner when it acts through a special agent but not when the damage has been caused by the official to whom the task done properly pertains, in which case what is provided in article 2176 shall be applicable.The following are the effects if a third person payment which is not an interested party with debtor's consent, except:The following are the requisites of rescission except:ImpossibleLegal Subrogation isIn bilateral contracts, fulfillment must not be simultaneous or reciprocal.Under Action for damages, recoverable for damages include any and all damages that a human being may suffer. Responsibility for damages may be divisible.
TrueObligations arising from contracts have the force of law between the contracting parties and should be complied with in bad faith.There is a presumption under period or term that it both benefits the debtor and creditor unless from the tenor of both circumstances it should appear that the period has been established in favor of oneor the other.InjuryAgoncillo vs. Javier. Facts: Three debtors got a loan from Marino and bound themselves to pay P2,7000.00. The loan was secured by a mortgage of a house and lot. It was agreed that if upon the maturity of the debt, the debtors are insolvent, they would cede the house and the lot to Marino. If the house and lot would not be sufficient to cover the debt, the balance would be secured by the mortgage of 4 parcels of land belonging to one of the debtors. The titles were delivered to Marino. Asthe debt was not paid, Marino sued the debtors. Issue: Whether or not the stipulation of the parties isvalid? Held: This stipulation is valid. It is simply a/an ________________ obligation, which is expressly allowed by the law. The agreement to convey the house and lot at an appraised valuation in the event of failure to pay the debt in money at its maturity is, however, in our opinion perfectly valid. It is simply an undertaking that if the debt is not paid in money, it will be paid in another way.Alternativeconnotes that in case of non compliance of the obligation, there will be legal sanction.Juridical necessityEvery person criminally liable is also civilly liable.A ______________________ is a meeting of minds between two persons whereby one binds himself with respect to the other, to give something or to render service.Contractare interests on obligation which have an extra contractual or delictual origin.The following are the third persons or interested parties who can pay to extinguish obligation except:
The following are primary remedies in case of breach except:CulpaObligations arising from contracts have the force of law between contracting parties and should be complied with good faith.