A person is right in acting certain way only if this

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deontology intention is relevant. A person is right in acting certain way only if this person acts for the right reason. Deontological theories hold that an action's rightness or wrongness depends on its conformity to a certain moral norm. The categorical imperative is the central philosophical concept of the moral philosophy and of modern deontological ethics. Kant introduced this concept in “Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals.” Kant thought that human beings occupy a special place in creation and that morality can be summed up in one, ultimate commandment of Lewis, 5
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reason, or imperative, from which all duties and obligations derive. He defined an imperative as any proposition that declares a certain action (or inaction) to be necessary. A hypothetical imperative would compel action in a given circumstance: If I wish to satisfy my thirst, then I must drink something. A categorical imperative would denote an absolute, unconditional requirement that exerts its authority in all circumstances, both required and justified as an end in itself. Deontological ethics are the ethics of duty and obligations while intention is more important than the results. Utilitarianism is a normative ethical theory that places the locus of right and wrong solely on the outcomes or consequences of choosing one action/policy over other actions/policies. While the ethical theories and beliefs of both Mill and Kant have many flaws, deontology from my own perspective is more superior. Utilitarianism is a bad system of ethics. According to its principle, the correct action will produce the greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people. Utilitarianism focuses on the majority instead of the individual. Deontologists assert that the rightness of an action is not simply dependent on maximizing the good even if that action goes against what is ethically acceptable. Utilitarianism does not respect rights and is too permissive. It is essentially destructive because it disregards all morals, requires great sacrifice, even death to maximize the good. Lewis, 6
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Work Cited Kant, Immanuel. Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/5682/pg5682-images.html Warburton, Nigel. "Exploring Philosophy." Audio blog post. The Open University. N.p., n.d. Web. http://podcast.open.ac.uk/feeds/a222- philosophy/transcript/2._thought_experiments_01452_14417.pdf "The Project Gutenberg EBook of Utilitarianism, by John ..." N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2016. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/11224/11224-h/11224-h.htm Lewis, 7
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