Less explicit porn erotica does not increase

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7.Less explicit porn (erotica) does NOT INCREASE aggression, but REDUCES aggressive behavior
PSY 240 Tuesday, October 22nd, 2013Tough Guise: Violence, Media and the Crisis in Masculinity (Jackson Katz – Anti-Violence Educator)1.Wizard of Oza.Masculinity – projection of mask to shield masculinity 2.Tough guise– front that men put forward to exhibit manlinessa.Survival mechanism b.Damage to perspective and mind set c.“Raging Bull” – punching repeatedly (“What are you trying to prove?”) 3.Boys are taught that they have to show the world the dominant features that culture wants (tough, strong, independent, intimidating) 4.When men do not live up to those standards, they are viewed to be femininea.Insults to keep boys boxed in to narrow tough guy lookb.Learn from families/communities/MEDIA (dominance, power, control)c.More pronounced for men of color i.Latino men – boxers ii.Asian American – martial artists, violent criminals 5.Grow connection to being a man and being violent 6.Statistics a.85% people that commit murder are menb.15% people that commit murder by women is in defense against men c.95% dating violence – teen boysd.90% assault
e.95% domestic violencef.major victims of male violence are other MALES7.Boys who were abused grow up to become perpetrators themselves Part 1: Understanding Violent Masculinity1.Men are dominant group (unexamined) a.Race African American, Latino, Asian American, native Americanb.Sexual orientation gay, bisexual, transgenderc.Gender womeni.People don’t think about dominant group (white heterosexual men), but subordinate group i.Media shows how many women were assaulted/raped as opposed to how many men raped/assaultedii.Youth violence boys killing boys/girlsiii.If you don’t say it, then you will leave out key elements. iv.Road rage 95% males 2.Girls commit violence (unusual when women do it) a.“Thelma and Louise” – women acted violently b.“Psycho” – women assaulted 3.Upping the Antea.Size of men’s bodies b.Super Man/Batman/Pro-wrestlers become more buff and macho i.Greater value on strength/musclec.Female body [opposite] full figured women thinner (more girlish) i.Women are viewed less threatening (taking up less space) 4.Gun imagerya.Small gun pose becomes more intimidating / bigger gun b.Men are usually in charge of media 5.Backlash - Perceive threat a.1960s social movements civil rights challenge white supremacyb.“Backlash” by Susan Faludi i.angry and violent action by people who feel threatened c.Dice Clay – verbal assault against womend.Howard Stern – reinforce traditional sexist values (feel good about themselves for degrading women)i.Rape joke during school shooting e.Rush Limbaugh - men’s insecurity because of women equality i.Kill messenger, don’t think about message f.Gay/lesbian movement challenged straight power
i.Rise in anti-gay violence (young men are anxious about their sexuality) 1.Does it show to them that they are real men?

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