Chapter 2 the northern colonies in the seventeenth

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Chapter 2 – The Northern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1600-1700 (select two) - Why did the Puritans immigrate to North America? The puritans wants to immigrate to North America because of the chaos and mistreatment that had taken place after the English reformation. They wanted to build a “new, orderly, Puritan version of England” (Roark 83) in North America. They used their faith to guide them in building colonies. - Why did the Glorious revolution in England lead to uprisings in the American colonies? The Glorious Revolution in England lead to uprisings in the American colonies because Americans did not want Monarchs controlling them anymore. This is where they began to want a government represented by its people and not just one person. - In his sermon aboard the Arbella, John Winthrop spoke of the Massachusetts Bay colony as a “city upon a hill.” What did he mean? How did this expectation influence life in New England during the seventeenth century? In your answer, be sure to consider the relationship between religious and political life in the colony. Primary Source Analysis (use your book to read the document) - Hunting Witches in Salem, Massachusetts, pg. 106-107. What persuaded witnesses against Susanna Martin that she was a witch? How might a critic such as Robert Calef have responded to the testimony of these witnesses? How might Cotton Mather and these witnesses have explained Martin’s claim that she led “a most virtuous and holy life”? It seemed as though in Salem, Massachusetts during 1692 if anything suspicious or weird happened they blamed it on witchcraft. They happen to blame someone who upset them, didn’t do as they wanted, etc. Then when something would happen to them, they accused that person of being a witch. I believe this is what happened to Susanna Martin. A critic like Robert Calef would have asked for proof that Susanna Martin did these things. He would be the one to question everything. Cotton Mather on the other hand, would take everything the witnesses said and make sure that everyone knew how nasty and terrible a person Susanna Martin was.
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