{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

DSST World Religion Notes

That the indian emperor asoka converted to buddhism

Info iconThis preview shows pages 6–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
That the Indian emperor Asoka converted to Buddhism Ideal life of theraveda Buddhist – a strict monastic lifestyle the 4 noble truths o The truth of dukkha (suffering, anxiety, stress) o The truth of the origin of dukkha o The truth of the cessation of dukkha o The truth of the path leading to the cessation of dukkha – “Eight Fold Path” eightfold path o right view o Right intention o Right speech o Right action o Right livelihood o Right effort o Right mindfulness o Right concentration Mara demon, personifies unwholesome impulses, unskillfulness, the "death" of the spiritual life nirvana - a state of supreme liberation – “enlightenment” theravada - also called pejoratively Hinayana Buddhism, is a conservative branch of Buddhism, dedicated to preserving the religion in its original form, is the oldest surviving school mahayana – “great Vehicle”, larger of the two major traditions mandala - "geometric arrangement that maps divine beings in their cosmic connectionskey part of meditation Kumarajive – Chinese translator who helped to spread Buddism through China zen - noted for their emphasis on direct intuition, outside of conscious thought, as the means towards enlightenment. jodo - most widely practiced branch of Buddhism in Japan, branch of pure land pure land - one of the most popular traditions of Buddhism in East Asia . Pure Land is a branch of Buddhism focused on Amitābha Buddha. Mahayana Buddhism’s bodhisattvas are best described as? righteousness, Taoism - Taoism – refers to both a philosophy and a religion, originating in China, advocating a life of natural simplicity and selflessness. Has contributed to fields of medicine and martial arts making it difficult to give an exact definition P’U – fundamental of Taoism – the uncarved block – meaning things in their original form contain their own natural power, power that is easily lost when the form is changed
Background image of page 6

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lao-tzu – wrote the founding text of Taoism called Tao-te ching , information on Lao-tzu (‘old master’) is scare, and scholars don’t agree on whether or not he is an actual person Tao translates as “Way” – first principle by which all things came to be, ideal naturalness that should govern human affairs Taoism – is more aligned with the peace and quiet of associated with the yin force (according to the Chinese yin-yang classification) Wu-wei – means “non-action”, Tao-te ching describes this as the preferred path, doesn’t signify no action, but rather, acting without artificiality or over action Tao-te ching is divided into two sections: Tao and Te Tao is general theory of the Tao, Te is the power by which the universal Tao becomes particular in the world (particularly the role of Tao in political life) Chuang-tzu – describes the mystical aspects of Taoism – transcendence of the distinctions between one’s self and the universe, through non-rational means Neo-Taoism – a multi-faceted movement that transformed Taoism in the 3
Background image of page 7
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page6 / 21

That the Indian emperor Asoka converted to Buddhism Ideal...

This preview shows document pages 6 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online