and the one on which he is most often criticized by his Republican opponents. Obama continues to support negotiations on a two-state settlement of the conflict, but his best-remembered statement on the topic is controversial: his suggestion that Israel’s pre -1967 war borders be taken as a starting point for negotiations, a position fiercely opposed by Israel. More recently, the administration has confirmed that it will veto Palestine’s statehood bid in the U.N. Security Council. vi. China: Obama has repeatedly criticized China — most recently at the APEC summit in Honolulu — for currency policies that he says have a distorting effect on the global economy. vii. Foreign aid: In his 2010 address to the U.N. General Assembly, Obama announced an overhaul of U.S. foreign aid policies, which he vowed will place them at the center of U.S. foreign policy. viii. Iran/nukes: Early in his presidency, Obama made several overtures to Iran in an effort to improve relations. ix. Trade: In October, Obama signed long-delayed free trade agreements with Colombia, Panama, and South Korea. On his trip to Asia this November, Obama is working to promote a new trans-Pacific free trade agreement.
Compiled by Ayesha Younas A Project of CSS Writing Club x. War on terror/detainees: Obama signed an executive order closing the Guantánamo Bay detention center as one of his first actions as president. The facility remains open, however, largely due to congressional opposition over where to house the remaining prisoners. xi. Environment: Despite his stated support for environmental legislation and green energy, there has been little progress on passing major climate-change bills under Obama’s watch. xii. Russia/reset: One of the centerpieces of Obama’s first -term foreign policy was the effort to "reset" relations with Russia. The president successfully negotiated the New START nuclear reduction treaty, xiii. Still, with 200,000 dead in Syria’s civil war, eastern Ukraine engulfed in a Russian-backed insurgency, and the Islamic State governing large parts of Syria and Iraq, it can be hard to see what’s “better” about this world. (Obama did, howe ver, correctly note that “the trajectory of this planet overall is one toward less violence, more tolerance, less strife, less poverty.”) On each of these crises, one can criticize Obama for how badly they have turned out, but that assumes that the United States had the ability to influence these crises for the better before they spiraled out of control. 17) Conclusion Topic 6: Foreign Policy of Pakistan post 9/11 1) Introduction i. The foreign policy of Pakistan is primarily directed to the pursuit of national goals of seeking peace and stability through international cooperation. ii. To project the image of the country as a dynamic and moderate society iii. Seeks to promote the internationally recognized norms of interstate relations iv. Generally Pro-West, India-centric and Security-oriented 2) Guiding Principles of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy i. According to Quaid e Azam: “Our foreign policy is one of the friendliness and goodwill towards all the nation of the world. We do not cherish aggressive designs against any
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