Frank parsons 1854 1908 frank parsons the father of

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Frank Parsons (1854-1908)
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Frank Parsons The “father of Counseling Psychology” Parsons (a lawyer) helped out at the Civic Service House in Boston believed that people are happier & more efficient if they choose work that is related to their interests & abilities became a leader in providing career guidance for young people Vocational Guidance Bureaus spread across America
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Frank Parsons “Triadic formulation”: Knowledge of oneself Knowledge of occupations Knowledge of relations between the two Parsons died prematurely in 1908 Important book in 1909: Choosing a Vocation
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“We guide our boys and girls to some extent through school, then drop them into this complex world to sink or swim as the case may be. Yet there is no part of life where the need for guidance is more emphatic than in the transition from school to work, - the choice of a vocation, adequate preparation for it, and the attainment of efficiency and success.” Choosing A Vocation, Frank Parsons, p.4.
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John Brewer (1877-1959) Debate over whether career guidance is part of Education or Psychology Brewer was a critic of psychological tests & disagreed with categorizing people into types Doubted “spread” of mental qualities Brewer stressed education (i.e. the process of learning) over testing (the outcome of learning) Brewer used an experiential form of career guidance – he introduced students to different ideas & experiences
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The Birth of Counseling Psychology Like Clinical Psych, WWII also had a profound effect on CP GI Bill of Rights Adjustment to work Mental Illness National Mental Health Act of 1946 Greatly increased growth of the mental health field Established National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Funding for research, training, and prevention
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The Birth of Counseling Psychology APA adopted its divisional structure in 1945, Counseling Psychology became “Division 17” First called “Division of Personnel and Guidance Psychologists” then “Division of Counseling and Guidance” Changed to “Counseling Psychology” in an attempt to create an independent identity as a health service profession moved away from historical roots in vocational guidance
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