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DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Question 20 of 60 about 700000 years ago a new lower

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Question 20 of 60 About 700,000 years ago, a new Lower Paleolithic tool, the hand ax , appeared. Your Answer: Explanation The earliest European hand axes are assigned to the Abbevillian industry, which developed in northern France in the valley of the Somme River; a later, more refined hand-ax tradition is seen in the Acheulian industry, evidence of which has been found in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Question 21 of 60 Alongside the hand-ax tradition there developed a distinct and very different stone-tool industry, based on flakes of stone: special tools were made from worked (carefully shaped) flakes of flint. Your Answer: Explanation In Europe, the Clactonian industry is one example of a flake tradition. The early flake industries probably contributed to the development of the Middle Paleolithic flake tools of the Mousterian industry, which is associated with the remains of Neanderthal man. Question 22 of 60 Because many Neanderthal burial sites contain the remains of food, tools and other objects it is thought that they believed in an afterlife. Your Answer: Explanation Researchers have found burial grounds of Neanderthal man dating to 60,000 BC with flower fragments next to the corpse and animal antlers on the body indicating some type of ritual and funeral gifts.
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Question 23 of 60 Tools associated with mammoth kills are known as the Clovis complex. Your Answer: Explanation The mammoth (now extinct)was a huge elephant. The Clovis complex included knives, bone tools, scrapers and the Clovis projectile point. The Clovis was large, leaf shaped and flaked on both sides. Question 24 of 60 The Folsom point was a smaller projectile than the Clovis point and was used to hunt large straight horned bison. Your Answer: Explanation The straight horned bison replaced the mammoth as the major game animal after the mammoth became extinct. Question 25 of 60 The first examples of the Clovis point were found in Clovis, New Mexico in 1929 . Your Answer: Explanation Both the Clovis and Folsom points were found in New Mexico. The Folsom point was first discovered in Folsom, New Mexico in 1927. Question 26 of 60 The Upper Paleolithic Period (beginning about 40,000 years ago) was characterized by the emergence of regional stone-tool industries, such as the Perigordian, Aurignacian, Solutrean, and Magdalenian of Europe, as well as other localized industries of the Old World and the oldest known cultures of the New World. Your Answer: Explanation Principally associated with the fossil remains of such anatomically modern humans as Cro-Magnons, Upper Paleolithic industries exhibit greater complexity, specialization, and variety of tool types and the emergence of distinctive regional artistic traditions.
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Question 27 of 60 Small sculptured pieces evidently dominated the Upper Paleolithic artistic traditions of eastern Europe; typical were small, portable clay figurines and bone and ivory carvings.
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