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with the intent to see what picture appears from this interdisciplinary consortium, developed to address the multiple sustainability challenges in clothing consumption and the tools for intervention. Such tools comprise product design, consumer behaviour changes, policy development, business models, technical development, recycling, life cycle assessment (LCA) and social life cycle assessment (SLCA). This chapter quanti fi es the extent of the sustainability challenge for the apparel sector, via an analysis of fi ve garment archetypes. It also considers to what extent different interventions for impact reduction can contribute in society s endeavour towards sustainability, in terms of staying within an environmentally safe and socially just operating space , inspired by the planetary boundaries approach. In particular, the results show whether commonly proposed interventions are suf fi cient or not in relation to the impact reduction necessary according to the planetary boundaries. Also, the results clarify which sustainability aspects that the clothing industry are likely to manage suf fi ciently if the proposed interventions are realised and which sustainability aspects that will require more radical interventions in order to reach the targets. Keywords Fashion Á Textiles Á Sustainability Á Life cycle assessment (LCA) Á Social life cycle assessment (SLCA) Á Planetary boundaries S. Roos ( & ) Á B. Zamani Á G. Peters Á M. Svanstr ö m Chalmers University of Technology, 41296 Gothenburg, Sweden e-mail: [email protected] S. Roos Swerea IVF, Box 104, 431 22 M ö lndal, Sweden G. Sandin SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Eklandagatan 86, 412 61 Gothenburg, Sweden © Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017 S.S. Muthu (ed.), Textiles and Clothing Sustainability , Textile Science and Clothing Technology, DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-2182-4_1 1
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1 Introduction In this section, we attempt to describe the sustainability challenges faced by the fashion industry, their scale and the potential to surmount them. We adopt a life cycle thinking approach built on basic product life cycle assessment (LCA). This fi rst section qualitatively describes the challenges and management tools for the fashion industry. The second section describes a LCA in which we scale up the impacts identi fi ed using product LCA to characterise the impacts of Swedish, American and Chinese fashion consumption. We then attempt to de fi ne sustain- ability in practical and quantitative goals for the fashion industry. In the fourth section of this chapter, we go on to evaluate the extent to which different inter- ventions can enable industry to reach these goals, before concluding with a general discussion. 1.1 Systemic Challenges for Sustainable Fashion According to the classic Brundtland de fi nition of sustainability, sustainable devel- opment meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (World Commission on Environment and Development 1987 ). In this context, the whole idea of a sustainable fashion industry may seem paradoxical. How can an industry focused on
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  • Fall '19
  • Sustainable fashion, Sandra Roos

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