Imperialism and the Road to World War I (1).pptx

For 100 years india was dominated more and more by

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For 100 years, India was dominated more and more by the British Sepoy Rebellion Sepoys: Indian soldiers fighting for British Commanders Resented British imposing Christianity and European culture onto them In 1857, a one year long rebellion began, but was put down England was forced to bring in a “Viceroy” Governor ruling on behalf of the Queen (Queen Victoria)
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Subjugation of India Britain tried to improve Indian infrastructure to eliminate future rebellions. Roads, Train tracks, telegraph lines, irrigation canals, schools and universities Mercantilism Despite their efforts above, the British still wanted to exploit the Indians resources Forced growth of cotton Instead of growing wheat Led to food shortages killing millions Indian National Congress Led the struggle for independence using violence and minor reforms
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Division of China Unequal treaties and the decline of the Qing Dynasty The British, like everyone else, were not allowed to trade with the Chinese Banned all foreign trade Ethnocentrism The British then started smuggling Opium to China Began trade with China for first time in hundreds of years Tea, Silk, porcelain Chinese tried to stop the Opium trade in 1839 Led to the Opium War Forced the Qing to sign a treaty with British that gave favorable trading rights Over the next 60 years, China was forced to make treaties with France, Germany, Russia and Japan Created Spheres of Influence in China
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Boxer Rebellion/ End of the Dynastic Era The Emperor’s wife Ci Xi in 1900 encouraged revolts against imperialists. The Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists – aka the Boxers Launched a series of attacks in Beijing. Foreign powers banded together to wipe out the boxers Thousands killed in the streets of Beijing Qing dynasty lost its authority Revolution of 1911 Sun Yat-sen and the Guomindang (Nationalist party) Empress Ci Xi died in 1908 and left a 2 year old on the throne Sun Yat-Sen, who was in America raising money, hurried back home and became the 1 st president of the new Republic.
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