Explain your reasoning. Anti-War sentiments threatened the success of the quick paced mobilization. Conflicts arising led to a suppression of civil liberties and increased nativism. Compare Wilson’s response to anti-war and anti-American sentiments during WWI to Lincoln’s response to anti- union sentiments during the Civil War and Adams response to anti-Federalist sentiments during his term in office. Were the responses justified?
8 a. William Jennings Bryan b. Jeannette Rankin c. Robert La Follette d. Committee on Public Information; George Creel e. American Protective League f. Espionage act, 1917 g. Sedition Act, 1918 h. Eugene Debs i. Schenck v. United States Wilson and Lincoln… similar or different? (see pp 268-269) Wilson and Adams… similar or different? (see pp 116-117) Was Adams justified? Was Lincoln justified? Was Wilson justified? MOBILIZATION continued… Main Events/Ideas Definitions/Explanations Analysis The American military mobilized for and entered the battle fields of Europe. This led to new opportunities for women and African Americans, but racial and gender discrimination continued. a. Voluntary enlistment b. Selective Service Act, 1917 c. African American troops d. Jobs for women Explain the social impact of military mobilization on the American Homefront during WWI.
9 e. Mexican migration f. African American migration- The Great Migration Compare the Selective Service Act of 1917 to the Enrollment (Draft) Act of 1863. The Enrollment Act (or Conscription/Draft) of 1863, was a controversial act required the enrollment of every male citizen and those immigrants who had filed for citizenship between ages twenty and forty-five in order to keep Union troops replenished. Federal agents established a quota of new troops due from each congressional district. In some cities, particularly New York City , enforcement of the act sparked civil unrest as the war dragged on, leading to the New York Draft Riots on July 13– 16. African Americans were allowed to serve in 1863 following the Emancipation Proclamation, which also sparked unrest in some populations in the North. Selective Service Act implementation and impact similar or different? Explain! 6. FIGHTING THE WAR and MAKING THE PEACE, pp 463-467
10 How did the United States help the Allies defeat the Central Powers, and how were Americans impacted by war? Main Events/Ideas Definitions/Explanations Analysis The American military joined the fight as the Russians withdrew, entering a bloody war with new weapons and grueling trench warfare that moved to a single front to stop the Germans. They entered with patriotic romanticism and left disillusioned and scarred. a. Ship construction b. American Expeditionary Force; John J. Pershing c. Second Battle of the Marne; turning point d. Battle of Argonne Forest e. Weapons of war f. U.S. casualties (skip to page 466) g. Demobilization h. The Red Scare & Palmer Raids i. The 1919 Steel Strike and the Great Seattle Strike j. Chicago race riot List three reasons why Pershing was a notable leader before and during WWI.
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