2mks 11 Identify tow factors that undermined the effectiveness of the League of

2mks 11 identify tow factors that undermined the

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State two reasons why indirect rule was unsuccessful in Southern Nigeria. (2mks) 11.Identify tow factors that undermined the effectiveness of the League of Nations. (2mks) 12.State one advantage of a written constitution over an unwritten constitution.(1mk) 13.Give two reasons why coal was used as the main source of industrial power in Britain during the industrial Revolution. 14.State tow ways in which poor transport systems have contributed to food shortages in Africa. (2mks) 15.Identify one aim of the United Nations conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (1mk) 16.State two features of the government of France in the twentieth century. 17.Give the main political challenge that the Democratic republic of Congo (Zaire) has face since independence. (1 mk) SECTION B (45 marks) Answer any THREE questions form this section in the answer booklet provided. 18.a) Describe how the Trans Sahara trade was organized (8mks) b)What problems did the trans- Saharan trader face? (7mks)
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. 19.a) What factors led to the development of urban centres in Africa during the pre-colonial period? (8mks) b)Explain the social effects of urbanization in Europe during the nineteenth century. (7mks) 20.a) Describe five factors that facilitated the development of agriculture America before 1800. (3mks) b)Discuss the factors that led to the Agrarian Revolution in North America. (12mks) 21.a) Which scientific inventions of the twentieth century have led to a reduction in death rates? (5mks) b)Explain the positive impact of scientific inventions on industry. (10mks) in SECTION C (30marks) Answer any TWO questions from this section in the answer booklet provided. 22.a) What factors enabled Samori Toure to resist French colonization in West Africa (7mks) b)Explain four results of the defeat of the Mandika by the French in the nineteenth century.(8mks) 23.a) Why did the British use direct rule in Zimbabwe (3mks) b)Explain the effects of British rule in Zimbabwe. (12mks) 24.a) Why was the United States of America (USA) reluctant to join the First World war during the initial stage? (3 mks) b)Describe the results of the Second World War. (12mks)
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. K.C.S.E HISTORY & GOVERNMENT PAPER 1 2002 SECTION A (25mks) Answer ALL the question in this section in the answer booklet provided. 1.State one way in which the Abagusii and the Kipsigis interacted during the pre-colonial period. (1mk) 2.State two functions of the Council of Elders (Njui Ncheke) of the Ameru (2mks) 3.A part from trade, give one reason why the Arabs migrated to the Kenyan coast before 1500 A.D. 4.State two factors which encouraged the Akamba to participate in the long distance trade during the nineteenth century.(2mks) 5.Give two reasons why Nabongo Mumia collaborated with the British (2mks) 6.Identify one reason why Africans in Kenya were not allowed to grow some cash crops before 1954. 7.State two reasons why the Taita Hill Association was formed in 1939. (2mks) 8.State one result of the establishment of independent in Kenya during the colonial period.(2mks) 9.Identify two negative consequences of urbanization in Kenya during the colonial period.(2mks). 10.Give two sources of revenue for the District Development Committees
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