models are known and applied by big companies but SMEs do

Models are known and applied by big companies but

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Internationalization models are known and applied by big companies but SMEs do not have any information on these models in Turkey. KOSGEB does not give any information about international models. This situation negatively affects the SMSs that want to export and develop (Birhan, 2004). Chapter Five: Conclusion And Recommendation 5.1. Conclusion In this dissertation, it has been focused on Turkish SMEs, Turkish SMEs problems and how they can solve these problems. In the literature prepared in this context, firstly SMEs in Turkey is defined. This definition is very important to understand the economic size of SMEs. When the description is made, the financial balance of SMEs and the number of people working in the company are considered (Ay and Talaslı, 2007). SMEs play a "key" role in terms of the Turkish economy, especially in increasing employment, changing daily needs and consumer demands (Iraz, 2005). The importance of SMEs in the Turkish economy is great. According to the last obtained result, 2 million 677 thousand enterprises were active in industry and service sectors. This shows the great scale SMEs are taking part in the Turkish economy. However, SMEs face many internal and external problems (Ay and Talaslı, 2007). The SMEs in different sectors in Turkey want to export because they want to ımprove and develop themselves and also they want to have financial profit. However, this export demand is becoming more difficult to meet, especially due to internal and external problems (Uner, 2013). In order to investigate these problems and to be an example of SMEs in Turkey, negotiations with MENPET corporation were conducted. In these interviews which used the semi- structured method, researchers were asked about the difficulties they faced and the initiatives made to overcome these difficulties. In this research, a total of 6 people from the same company, the company's board of directors, general manager, accounting department employees, human resources and marketing department employees were interviewed. During these interviews, it was observed that each department experienced separate internal problems. Among particularly experienced problems; are many competitors in the sector, the
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market area is not wide enough, the employees are not focused enough on their jobs and the cost of raw materials is high. These problems are the ones most SMEs in the Turkish economy face (Müftüoglu, 1997). These problems affect firms very negatively. Because the SMEs not only focus on solving internal problems and focus on exporting; but also they have lots of external problems (Uner, 2013). Some of the common external problems; are high energy costs, taxes, political uncertainty, political problems and the banks that do not want to give credit. These problems make Turkish SMEs reluctant to export abroad (Adıgüzel, 2011). During the interviews, MENPET and SMEs in the group have jointly mentioned external problems. These are the political uncertainties, the economic difficulties that are experienced, and one of the more competitive
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