1 authorizes exercise of personal jurisdiction by a

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1. Authorizes exercise of personal jurisdiction by a federal court only to the extent a state court of the state in which it sits, under its long arm statute, could exercise jurisdiction. 2. When can a federal court have jurisdiction? 1. Service of a summons or filing a waiver of service is effective to establish jurisdiction over the person of a defendant- 2. 4k provides service of process is effective to establish jurisdiction over person of a D in FOUR circumstances: 1. Rule 4K1A: Federal court can exercise jurisdiction if D could have been served in the state where the federal court is located (if the state long arm authorizes PJ) ( this one is most applied) PJ reach is the same as the reach of the state in which it sits. 2. Rule 4k1b: Bulge Rule ( exception): service valid over party joined under rule 14 (Impleader) or 19 (necessary joinder of parties), if served in a district of the US and within 100 miles of where the summons issues (trying to get everyone in complicated dispute in one place) 3. Rule 4k1c: valid over someone subject to the interpleader statute (1335) 4. Rule 4k1d: valid when authorized by US statute: 3. Rule 4k2: If it is a federal question claim, then the federal court has jurisdiction over D who does not have sufficient contacts to make him subject to jurisdiction of any state (if jurisdiction is constitutional otherwise 6. The Presence of a defendant’s property in the forum as a basis for personal jurisdiction: 1. Shaffner v. Hetner : May a state assume jurisdiction over an issue merely b/c a defendant’s property is present there? 1. Rule: Jur can’t be founded on property w/in a state unless there are sufficient contacts consistent w/ Int’l Shoe. The standard for determining whether jurisdiction over the interests of persons is consistent with the Due Process Clause is minimum-contacts standard from Int’l Shoe, Int’l Shoe applies to property as well. 7. Minimum Contacts Refined to Foreseeability Based upon Conduct Within a Forum 1. World Wide Volkswagen Corp. v. Woodson: To what degree are minimum contacts defined? 2
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1. Rule: State courts may exercise PJ over a nonresident only so long as there exists minimum contacts between and the forum, such that DP, and traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice aren’t offended. Foreseeability of defending a suit must be considered 1. foreseeability still matters, but instead of foreseeable that car sold in NY could pass through OK, it’s now based on conduct/connections w/ forum such that it’s foreseeable of being haled 8. Consent as a basis for establishing minimum contacts 1. Insurance Co. of Ireland v. Compagnie des Bauxites : Can personal jurisdiction be ordered by consent/waiver where a party complies w/ pre-trial steps? 1.
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