Whig politician and author of the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 ____ Henry CLay_ _________ 19. Free black mathematician and astronomer ____ Benjamin Banneker _________________ 20. Black slaveholder in mid-17 th century Virginia ______ Anthony Johnson _________ 21. Led the slave rebellion in the French colony of Saint Domingue which established Haiti as the world’s first black republic ___ Toussaint L’Ouverture_ ________ 22. Black poet and major figure of the Black Enlightenment ___ ___Phillis Wheayley _____ 23. Minister, educator, and founder of the African Methodist Episcopal Church ____ Richard Allen_____ 24. Militant abolitionist who wrote An Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World (1829) __ _David Walker_ ____________________
25. Black nationalist and minister who supported African American migration to Liberia ___ _Henry Highland Garnett_ __________________ 26. U.S. senator from Massachusetts who was nearly beaten to death in the senate chambers in 1856 after his speech, The Crime Against Kansas __ Charles Sumner__ ________ 27. Inventor of the cotton gin (1793) _ _Eli Whitney_ __________________ 28. Led a failed slave revolt in Louisiana in 1811 _ _Charles Deslondes _________ 29. Acolyte of William Lloyd Garrison, this abolitionist formed his own newspaper, The North Star , and became one of the most famous orators and activists in American history __ Fredrick Douglass_____________________________ 30. Slaveholder-turned-abolitionist and Liberty Party presidential candidate in 1840 ___ James G Birney_______ 31. Missouri slave who sued for his freedom after having lived in a free state with his owner __ Dred Scott_ ____________________ 32. Militant abolitionist who led a “raid” on harpers Ferry Virginia in October 1859, precipitating the Civil War ___ _John Brown _____________ 33. Slave who had a sexual relationship with Thomas Jefferson (statutory rape by modern standards) that produced four children ____ _Sally Hemings _______ 34. Abolitionist and author of the best-selling antislavery novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) ____ Harriett Beecher Stowe ________________ 35. Activist and the first African American woman to give a public political speech in the United States ___ _Maria Stewart_ _______________ ID Term Bank : Dred Scott, Anthony Johnson, John Brown, Frederick Douglass, Eli Whitney, David Walker, Charles Sumner, Edmonia Lewis, Henry Highland Garnet, Harriet Beecher Stowe, James Forten, Maria Stewart, Toussaint L’Ouverture, Phillis Wheatley, Richard Allen, James G. Birney, Benjamin Banneker, Henry Clay, Charles Deslondes, Sally Hemings Essay (30 points—10 points for each component): Answer the following 3 part question. Make an argument and use examples from the text.
There is no length requirement, but it is not possible to satisfactorily answer the question in less than 1 page. Above all, address and provide examples for all components of the question. 21. What caused slavery in the United States to expand between 1820 and 1860 even as the institution was declining throughout the Atlantic World? What factors caused slavery to expand and become more politically entrenched during the antebellum period leading up to the Civil War? If slavery was protected by U.S. law, then why did eleven southern states secede from the Union in 1860-61?
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- Fall '18
- MATTHEW STANLEY
- History, American Civil War