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**Willing to start @ the bottom, to reach up topBut never pass to the topMarketing – trickeryoGang leaders would drive fancy cars, have luxuriesBut in reality, rent cars & gold-plated jewelryOlder generations to trick younger into thinking benefitsof gangs°°LECTURE 3DUse of violence in MexicoMajor drug producing nation, cultivation of opium poppy & black tar heroin, the dominant form of Mexican heroin in the western USoMarijuana cultivationoMeth productionoCocaine distribution – from Central AmericaMexico - Largest foreign supplier of marijuana & meth to USPrimary trans shipment country for US bound cocaine from South America°…accounting for about 90% of estimate annual cocaine movement to the US by major drug traffickers that produce & distribute ecstasy, & money launderingNew observations suggest that now some street & prison gang members are involved in this international drug businessoIn years past, it was only the non-gang members drug dealer & foreign drug cartels who were involved°Hyper ViolenceViolence sends a message, establishes controlHuman Development Report – United Nation (1999)Calculated annul trade in illicit drugs 341-400 billion dollarsoRoughly size of Spain’s economy & accounts for approximately 8% of the world’s tradeNational Youth Gang CenterAt least 34% of all US street gangs are actively involved in organized drug traffickingAt least 1/3 formalorganized does not include local street gang dealers that may not be part of a drug gang°Hector style drug dealers
Part of global drug economy making their gangs part of the globalization process & transnational°Drug smugglers across borderSouth Texasremains dominant entry port for smuggled cocaine in USAtlanta– developed as leading staging area for direct wholesale cocaine distribution to the east coast by Mexican drug traffickersDrug dealers camouflage as immigrants seeking opportunity in AmericaDrug trafficking fuels violence along & near borderViolence & poverty cause instability which in turns fuels migration…refugee or immigrant?BorderoMarket is on the other side – US °°LESSON 3E – Border Issues: Human Trafficking°Video– Gang crimes in prisonOnce in custody, can still associate w/ drug workDrug & ID/credit card fraud = fundsPrison gangs learn all the crimes°Human trafficking & Smuggling
Difference – individual’s freedom of choiceoSmuggled– person may choose & arrange to be smuggledoTrafficking– forcedIn most cases the global conditions of extreme poverty & political turmoil leave people who are seeking to improve their lives vulnerable to false promises & the manipulation of traffickersSome law enforcement anecdotal evidence that suggests along the southern border 18thStreet & MS-13 are involved in human smugglingWah Ching, Taids, & OMC’s also involvedCases where members of these gangs are involved in the smugglingoperation on both sides of the bordero