D) Jackie is required to memorize several facts about the development of microscopes for her biology test. Correct! This is an example of assimilation, where Amy is incorporating new information into her existing schema for enjoyable activities. 24. Kamila was trying to defend her boyfriend to her friends, claiming that he treated her well and wasn't going to break up with her. In order to do this she showed them the romantic notes and texts he had left her recently (but failed to mention she had caught him dancing pretty closely with another girl the other night). What does this scenario best exemplify? A) Insight problems. B) Lack of validity. C) Confirmation bias. D) Availability heuristic. Correct! Kamila is only using evidence in favour of what she is trying to claim, and has failed to present the evidence that exists against her claim. 25. Which of the following is true of intelligence and intelligence testing? A) Researchers have concluded that there is one, general intelligence. B) Researchers have concluded that there are multiple intelligences. C) Galton's intelligence test may have been reliable but was not valid. D) Gardner proposed a single intelligence comprised of 8 categories. Correct! By measuring reaction time, Galton was able to come up with a reliable test as multiple trials produced similar results. However, it remains up for debate whether or not this is a true measure of intelligence. 26. Which of the following statements is true of Piaget's stages of development? A) All children progress through the stages of development at the same rate. B) In the concrete operational stage of development children have mastered seriation. C) It is in the preoperational stage of development that children develop object permanence. D) Children all eventually reach the last stage but do so at different rates, sometimes skipping stages.
Correct! Once in the concrete operational stage, a child can complete and perform all the things a preoperational child struggles with, including seriation. D is incorrect because: Incorrect. While it is true that all children progress through the stages of development at different rates, children do not skip stages. 27. Which of the following statements regarding fluid intelligence and memory is correct, according to the journal article? A) Fluid intelligence is working memory, keeping vital information available for other parts of the brain to utilize. B) Training leads to a decrease in activation in brain areas associated with fluid intelligence. C) With such a high degree of heritability, fluid intelligence cannot be altered from that which you are born with. D) There is evidence to suggest that training can lead to an increase in working memory function and capacity. Incorrect. There is evidence to suggest that working memory training can lead to an increase in working memory function, but not capacity.
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