3 Differentiate between different paradigms of social science such as Social

3 differentiate between different paradigms of social

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3. Differentiate between different paradigms of social science such as Social Darwinist, positivistic, conflict, symbolic interaction, and ethnomethodology. the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals. Now largely discredited, social Darwinism was advocated by Herbert Spencer and others in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and was used to justify political conservatism, imperialism, and racism and to discourage intervention and reform. philosophy 1. a philosophical system that holds that every rationally justifiable assertion can be scientifically verified or is capable of logical or mathematical proof, and that therefore rejects metaphysics and theism. o a humanistic religious system founded on positivism. o another term for logical positivism . the theory that laws are to be understood as social rules, valid because they are enacted by authority or derive logically from existing decisions, and that ideal or moral considerations (e.g., that a rule is unjust) should not limit the scope or operation of the law. Conflict theory originated in the work of Karl Marx, who focused on the causes and consequences of class conflict between the bourgeoisie (the owners of the means of production and the capitalists) and the proletariat (the working class and the poor).Focusing on the economic, social, and political implications of the rise of capitalism in Europe, Symbolic interactionism is a sociological perspective that is influential in many areas of the sociological discipline. It is particularly important in microsociology and social psychology. Symbolic interactionism is derived from American pragmatism and particularly from the work of George Herbert Mead. Ethnomethodology is the study of methods people use for understanding and producing the social order in which they live. It generally seeks to provide an alternative to mainstream sociological approaches. In its most radical form, it poses a challenge to the social sciences as a whole. 4. Understand interest convergence. Interest Convergence . One of the things we're studying in my Critical Race Theory class is something called " interest convergence .". It is an argument that suggests that things in the larger culture change only when the interests of the controlling groups and the dominated groups converge. 5. Recognize and discriminate between the different elements of social theory such as concepts, constructs, or variables. Theory A systematic explanation for a set of facts and laws - a comprehensive set of statements relating a different aspect some phenomenon Hypothesis A statement of specific expectations about population parameter
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Concept Fuzzy mental images or imprecise notions we use as summary devises for bringing together phenomena that appear to be related Conceptualization The process of specifying the vague images by sorting out a kinds of observations and measurements that will be appropriate for our research
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  • Fall '18
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