Opportunities for pleasant interactioncontinued hostility•Interdependence (staged emergency)decreased hostility, cooperation,re-formed friendship patterns
Causes of Prejudice( Elliot Aronson )•Low social status•Scapegoating •Authoritarian Personality•Realistic Group Conflict•Conformity to Social Norms
Causes of Prejudice( Elliot Aronson )•Low socio-economic statushigher prejudice
Causes of Prejudice( Elliot Aronson )1. Economic & political competition( “realistic group conflict theory” )Sherif experiment
Causes of Prejudice( Elliot Aronson )2. Scapegoat Theoryfrustration displaced aggression–Jews as scapegoats in Nazi Germany–Lynchings correlated with cotton prices–Pogroms against Chinese in Indonesia
Causes of Prejudice( Elliot Aronson )3. Prejudiced PersonalityAuthoritarian Personality
Causes of Prejudice( Elliot Aronson )4. Conformity to community normspeople who move shift attitudesminers: prejudiced above groundintegrated below
“Stateways can change folkways”•Changing attitudes often doesn’t change behavior•Changing behavior often changes attitudes
De-segregation•“Equal status contact”succeeds•“Inequality & competition”increases hostility
Successful Integration•Equal Status + Interdependence–Sherif experiment•Jigsaw Classroom
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