Finger Lakes Riesling and sparkling wines Long island merlot chardonnay

Finger lakes riesling and sparkling wines long island

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  • jkclemente
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- Finger Lakes – Riesling and sparkling wines - Long island – merlot, chardonnay, cabernet sauvignon, red blends - Hudson valley – white hybrids, seyval blanc - Lake Erie – labrusca and grape juice - Niagra escarpment – native varietals and hybrids - What are the geographic factors (e.g. bodies of water, mountain ranges etc.) that influence grape growing and wine production in New York wine regions. - Soils originated from glacial period and are gravely or slatey with some clay - Climatic influence from bodies of water - How does climate influence wine styles produced in various regions? - Its cold so shorter growing season - What historic events influenced the growth of the wine industry in the US as well as New York? - - - What winemaking practices are unique and legal in New York, e.g. Acidification, Chaptalization, - Amelioration etc.? - What are the most important AVAs (American Viticultural Areas)? - Finger Lakes, Cayuga Lake, Seneca Lake - Washington State, Oregon - What historic events influenced the growth of the wine industry in the US and the individual states covered in class? - 1860s first grapes planted by settlers in Washington - 1967 first commercially available wine from vinifera grapes - 2 wineries in 1970, 19 wineries in 1981, 700 wineries in 2010, 858+ today - Which individuals had significant impact on the growth of Oregon’s wine industry? - David Lett – planted first commercial pinot noir vineyard in Oregon o First winemaker in the United States to produce pinot gris, now the second leading grape after pinot noir - Which individuals had significant impact on the growth of Washington’s wine industry? - Allen Shoup – “Father of Washingotn Wine industry” - moves from Gallo to WA and starts up the largest WA vineyard, Ste. Michelle, Longshadow brand - How does one decode an Oregon or Washington wine label? - Vintage, region, variety, AVA - What are the labeling requirements and regulations for Oregon and Washington wine and how might they differ from Federal standards? E.g. % of grape variety, meaningful controlled terms etc. - Suggestion: make up a one page spread sheet comparing the requirements side by side. - Washington o Same standards as California o 75% minimum for varietal o Washington AVA – 95% of grapes from the AVA o No generic names permitted - Oregon o Vintage – 95% o Region – 100%
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o Varietal label – requires 90% except 75% for Cabernet Sauvignon o No generic names permitted - What are the major grape varieties grown in Oregon and Washington? - Washington – Riesling, chardonnay, cabernet sauvignon, merlot, Syrah - Oregon - - What are the signature grapes varieties, which have made each state’s reputation? - Washington o 43% White – Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon blanc o 57% Red – Cabernet, Merlot signature, Syrah - Oregon o 30% White – Pinot Gris (trendy), Chardonnay, Riesling o 70% Red – pinot noir (most signature grape), cabernet sauvignon, Syrah - What are the geographic factors (e.g. bodies of water, mountain ranges etc.) that influence grape growing and wine production in Oregon and Washington?
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