DSST Fundamentals of counseling

Adler felt that freud’s narrow biological view of

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Unformatted text preview: Adler felt that Freud’s narrow biological view of personality was too restrictive. Adlerian theory holds that an individual begins to form their personality and approach to life during the first 6 years and the outcome is much more related to choices and responsibility rather than pure unconscious or conscious motivation. Adlerians insist that what people are born with is not nearly as important as what they do with the skills and abilities they have. Essentially Adlerians feel that a person can become whatever he or she wants. The focus of therapy is on reeducating individuals and understanding behavior from a subjective perspective. In Adlerian therapy the relationship between the client and counselor is collaborative . The relationship is built on trust and respect – two people working together to align the client’s goals with behavior. Together they formulate a plan and the client is an active participant in the therapy recognizing that they are responsible for their own behavior. Carl Jung created a variation of psychoanalytic theory, called analytical psychology. Carl Jung broke away from Freud, and formed his own variation of the psychoanalysis theory Sociometry is a technique developed by J. L. Moreno for figuring out the direction of interaction in a small group. Sociometry is a fancy word for finding out who is interacting with whom. An example of this technique is asking "Who is your best friend in the group?" Existential therapy is based on a philosophical approach to people and existence on earth. Existential therapy focuses on the attitude a person has toward life and attempts to shift the attitude in order to shift the behavior. Famous European philosophers like Kierkegaard and Nietzsche developed existential philosophy which has at its root the idea that a person is responsible for their own destiny and their own sense of self. Existential therapy is also referred to as humanistic therapy. Existential therapy requires the client to "be in the world.” Being in the world implies being fully aware of one’s surroundings and how one relates to other people and surroundings. The experience of living is what is most important and a person can be with the world in three ways: Umwelt refers to the biological world, Mitwelt refers to the world of human relationships, and Eigenwelt refers to one’s own inner world. Authenticity is the basic goal of existential therapy. In therapy, clients learn how to fully develop themselves and live up to their true potential. Clients discover their own purpose and meaning in life and then begin working toward achieving their goals. Carl Rogers developed what is now referred to as the Person-Centered approach to therapy....
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Adler felt that Freud’s narrow biological view of...

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