DSST Fundamentals of counseling

Essentially adlerians feel that a person can become

Info icon This preview shows pages 17–19. Sign up to view the full content.

Essentially Adlerians feel that a person can become whatever he or she wants. The focus of therapy is on reeducating individuals and understanding behavior from a subjective perspective. In Adlerian therapy the relationship between the client and counselor is collaborative . The relationship is built on trust and respect – two people working together to align the client’s goals with behavior. Together they formulate a plan and the client is an active participant in the therapy recognizing that they are responsible for their own behavior. Carl Jung created a variation of psychoanalytic theory, called analytical psychology. Carl Jung broke away from Freud, and formed his own variation of the psychoanalysis theory Sociometry is a technique developed by J. L. Moreno for figuring out the direction of interaction in a small group. Sociometry is a fancy word for finding out who is interacting with whom. An example of this technique is asking "Who is your best friend in the group?" Existential therapy is based on a philosophical approach to people and existence on earth. Existential therapy focuses on the attitude a person has toward life and attempts to shift the attitude in order to shift the behavior. Famous European philosophers like Kierkegaard and Nietzsche developed existential philosophy which has at its root the idea that a person is responsible for their own destiny and their own sense of self. Existential therapy is also referred to as humanistic therapy. Existential therapy requires the client to "be in the world.” Being in the world implies being fully aware of one’s surroundings and how one relates to other people and surroundings. The experience of living is what is most important and a person can be with the world in three ways: Umwelt refers to the biological world, Mitwelt refers to the world of human relationships, and Eigenwelt refers to one’s own inner world. Authenticity is the basic goal of existential therapy. In therapy, clients learn how to fully develop themselves and live up to their true potential. Clients discover their own purpose and meaning in life and then begin working toward achieving their goals. Carl Rogers developed what is now referred to as the Person -Centered approach to therapy. This approach views people as positive beings that tend to move toward becoming better people. The term self-actualized is most associated with person-centered therapy and implies becoming the best person you can be and working toward fulfilling your ultimate potential Gestalt therapy is concerned with the whole person and views each individual as a complex dynamic of experiences and behaviors. Gestalt therapy emphasizes the patient’s experience of reality (phenomenological) as well as individual responsibility (existentialism). The focus of therapy is on bringing together a person’s past experiences and developing a present circumstance that enables growth and development. Gestalt therapy is often used in group settings in order to learn conflict resolution skills.
Image of page 17

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Frederich S. Perls argued that people have an innate goodness and that this nature should be allowed to express itself at
Image of page 18
Image of page 19
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern